Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/28

Click to flip

28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Define: atman
(religion)
Essential self
(Hinduism)
Define: reincarnation
(religion)
rebirth of the soul in another bodily form
(Hinduism)
Define: karma
all the action of a person's life that affect his or her fate in the next life
(Hinduism)
Define: dharma
(religion)
religious and moral duties of an individual
(Hinduism)
Define: ahimsa
(religion)
nonviolence
(Hinduism)
"God is one, but wise people know it by many names."
Hinduism
Founders of Hinduism
none
Gods of Hinduism
Brahma-creator
Vishnu-preserver
Shiva-destroyer
Shakti-creator and destroyer
Written history of Hinduism
Vedas(Hindu teachings)
Upanishads(Hindu teachings)
Bhagavad-Gita(ethical ideas)
Beleifs of Hinduism
-obey law of karma
-stressed nonviolence
Ultimate goal of Hinduism
achieving moksha, or union with Brahman
Define: nirvana
(religion)
union with the universe
(Buddhism)
"Decay is inherit in all things. Work out your own salvation with diligence."
Buddhism
Founders of Buddhism
Buddha
Written history of Buddhism
Tripitaka-Buddha's collected teachings
Four noble truths:
(religion)
1.All life is full of suffering, pain, and sorrow
2.The cause of suffering is the desire for things that are really illusions, such as riches, power, and long life
3.The only cure for suffering is to overcome desire
4.The way to overcome desire is to follow the Eightfold Path
(Buddhism)
Final goal of Buddhism
nirvana
Rejected by Buddhism
caste system
gods
priests
formal rituals
how Buddhism spread
-attracted disciples
-India to Asia
2 schools buddhism split into
-Theravada(original)
-Mahayana(made easier)
Define: Filial Piety
(religion)
respect for parents
(Confucionism)
"While a father or mother is alive, a son should not travel far"
Confucius
"Do not do to others, what you do not wish yourself"
Confucius
Founders of Confucionism
Confucius
Written history of Confucious
The Analects-Confucius' collected sayings
Five relationships
(religion)
father to son
elder brother to younger brother
husband to wife
ruler to subject
friend to friend(equal)
(Confucius)
Beliefs of Confucius
everyone had responsibilities
filial piety above all duties
people naturally good
How confucius spread
never became formal religion
influenced Chinese life
1/3 of population came under confucius ideas