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65 Cards in this Set

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Birthrate
The number of live births each year per 1,000 people.
Demographer
A scientist who studies human population including their size, growth, density, distribution, birth, death
Immigrant
A person who moves to a new country in order to settle there
Life Expectancy
The number of years that a person may be expected on average to live.
Migration
The movement of people from one country or region to another in order to make a new home.
Population
The people living in a particular region.
Push-Pull Theory
A theory of migration that says people migrate because certain things in their lives push them to leave and certain things in a new place pull them
Rural Area
An area with low population desity, such as a village or the countryside.
Cardinal Direction
One of the four compass points: North, South, East, West
Degree
A unit of measure used to determine absolute location.
Equator
An imaginary line that circles the globe at its widest point dividing the Earth into northern and southern hemispheres.
Geography
The study of the Earth's surface and the processes that shape it, the connection between places, people, and environment.
Globe
A round model of the Earth that shows continents and oceans in their true shape.
Latitude
The series of imaginary lines that circle the Earth parallel to the equator.
Meridian
The imaginary lines that circle the globe from north to south and runs through North and South poles.
Projection
A presentation of the Earth's rounded surface on a flat piece of paper. Distorted.
Apprentice
Unpaid worker who is being trained in a craft in medieval Europe.
Clergy
Person ordained to perform certain religious duties.
Crusades
several military expeditions between 1095 and 1272 A.D., supported by the Catholic Church, to win the Holy Land back from the Seljiuk Turks.
Knight
Trained warriors that protected the kingdom
Magna Carta
The 'Great Charter', an agreement between King John of England and his nobles and clergy in which the King's power over his nobles was limited.
Medieval Times
The Middle Ages 500-1500 A.D.
Troubadour
A traveling performer who wantered from place to place in France, Italy, and Spain, singing songs and reciting poems about the chivalrous deeds of knights.
Nation
a community that shares a government and sometimes a common language and culture,
Serf
A peasant in medieval Europe considered to be part of the land; a noble's manor included serfs
Aurora borealis
A band of colorful lights that can be seen in the northern skies.
Francophone
Person who's first language is French
Stephen Harper
Prime Minister of Canada
Political leader
Ottawa
National capital of Canada
Alberta
a prairie province in Canada known for growing crops
Quebec
a province in Canada which has a large population of people who speak French.
Ontario
province in Canada known for business and industry. The national capital of Ottawa and Toronto.
Parliament
a group of elected officals in Great Britain and Canada that help decide about taxes and other laws
King John
King in 1199 who forced people to pay high taxes, put enemies in jail and took land from the Church. He was forced to sign the Magna Carta
Adolf Hitler
A dictator during WWII in Germany. Head of the Nazi party.
Cold War
A time of tension between the U.S. and Soviet Union without a real war.
Civil War
A war between groups in the same country.
European Union
A union of countries in Europe that help each other in areas of travel and trade. Many have a common currency.
Why was Holy Land important?
It was Holy Land for 3 different religions, also a major trade route.
Siberia
A large part of northern Russia that is cold and behind the times. It has many natural resources but few people.
Head of State of Canada
Queen Elizabeth II
Political leader of Canada
Prime Minister Stephen Harper.
Import
to bring goods into one country from another country
Export
to send goods to another country.
What divides Europe and Asia
Ural Mountains
RCMP
Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Capital city of Canada
Ottawa
Capital of United Kingdom
London, England
Capital of Russia
Moscow
Capital of Germany
Berlin
Berlin Wall
Wall built in 1961 to keep people from East Berlin from escaping to free West Berlin. It was torn down in 1989.
Communism
a theory of government in which the government owns all businesses and industries.
Capitalism
economic system in which people and privately owned companies own both basic and nonbasic businesses and industries.
Socialism
economic system in which the government owns most basic industries, such as transportation, communication, and banking; nonbasic are privately owned
Free Enterprise
an economic system in which individuals can start and run their own businesses
Immigrant
a person who moves to a new country in order to settle there
Separatist Movement
someone who wants the province of Quebec to break away from the rest of Canada.
What are the 5 Themes of Geography?
Human and Environment Interaction, Location, Place, Movement, Region
What affects the changing of the seasons
tilt of the Earth and the orbit of the Earth
Renewable Resources
natural resource that the environment continues to supply or replace as it is used; trees, water, etc.
Nonrenewable Resources
Resource that cannot be replaced once it is used; fossil fuels, coal, oil, iron, copper, gold.
Where would you find the CN Tower
Toronto, Ontario
Canada
Where would you find Big Ben?
London, England
United Kingdom
Where would you find the Eiffel Tower
Paris, France
Who is the Monarch of the United Kingdom?
Queen Elizabeth II