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91 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
FIRST MAJOR BATTLE OF THE CIVIL WAR

WHO WON
BULL RUN

SOUTH
president of the united states during the civil war
ABRAHAM LINCOLN
person with a trade
skilled worker
to set free
emancipate
BLOODIEST BATTLE OF THE CIVIL WAR
SHILOH
PRESIDENT OF THE CONFEDERATE STATES DURING THE CIVIL WAR
JEFFERSON DAVIS
WAS THE COMMANDER OF THE CONFEDERATE ARMY IN THE CIVIL WAR
ROBERT E. LEE
when workers did not get their demands for better wages they went on _________.
strike
THIS BATTLE ENABLED THE NORTH TODIVIDE THE SOUTH ALONG THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER
VICKSBURG
Name the Senator that was able to solve the problem of Missouri becoming a state?
Henry Clay
SOUTHERN GENERAL THAT WAS KILLED IN ACTIONBY HIS OWN MEN
THOMAS "STONEWALL" JACKSON
Name the connecticut man and the invention he made that helped the cleaning of cotton?
Eli Whitney

cotton gin
What machine did Cyrus McCormick invent?
Mechanical Reaper
1. What did the Mechanical Reaper do?

2. It did the work of how many people?
1. mowed wheat and other grains

2. 5
workers that formed a group to fight for better wages and working conditions for workers
trade union
How did Henry Clay solve the problem of Missouri becoming a state?

Explain
The Missouri Compromise -

Maine was allowed to enter the Union as a Free territory.
What was name of the road taken to the west?
Oregon Trail
WAS ONE OF THE BEST NORTHERN GENERALS
ULYSSES GRANT
IN THIS BATTLE TOTAL WAR WAS INTRODUCED
MARCH TO SEA
a person who wants to end slavery
abolitionist
Who invented the telegraph?
Samuel B. Morse
IN THE BATTLE MARCH TO SEA WHO DESTROYED EVERYTHING IN THEIR PATH
SHERMAN AND HIS MEN
IN THE MARCH TO THE SEA WHERE DID THIS WAR PATH TAKE PLACE
FROM ATLANTA TO THE SEA
Who did Mexico allow to bring Americans into Texas to develop land?
Stephen Austin
WAS UNION COMMANDER THAT MARCHED TO THE SEA THAT WENT THROUGH STATE OF GEORGIA
WILLIAM T. SHERMAN
a device that sent electrical signals along a wire
telegraph
Why did Americans go into Mexico?
To develop the land.
WHO WROTE THE EMANCIPATION PROCLOMATION
ABRAHAM LINCOLN
What was the telegraph code system called?
Morse code
what did the trade unions ask their workers to do if they did not get what they asked for?
strike
Mexico allowed Stephen Austin to bring Americans into Texas.

What did Americans have to agree to.
a. they had to become Mexican citizens

b. they had to become members of the Catholic Church

c. No Slavery allowed
WHAT DID THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION DO?
IT FREED THE SLAVES IN THE SOUTHERN STATES THAT LEFT THE UNION
block off the seaports and trade of a country
blockade
define strike
workers refuse to work until they get their demands
Who was the Mexican leader sent to make americans obey the rules they agreed to.
Santa Anna
Moderates supported what idea that allowed the people in a new territory to decide for themselves if they wanted slavery or not?
Popular Sovereignty
WHAT BATTLE DID TOTAL WAR TAKE PLACE
MARCH TO SEA FROM ATLANTA, GEORGE TO
THE SEA
1. Name the spanish mission where all 188 americans were killed and defeated.

2. Who were two men who were among
the dead?
1. The Alamo

2. Jim Bowie and Davy Crockett
What was the name of the new political party that developed in 1848?
Free Soil Party
-THIS BATTLE WAS THE TURNINGPOINT OF THE WAR
GETTYSBURG
What was the main goal of the Free Soil Party?
To keep slavery out of the western territories.
WHY WAS GETTYSBURG THE TURNINGPOINT OF THE WAR?
1 LEE MADE A BIG ATTEMPT TO INVADE THE NORTH

2 HE WAS DEFEATED BECAUSE HE FOUGHT FROM A BAD POSITION

3 HE WAS FORCED TO RETREAT TO THE NORTH
Who was the Mexican leader sent to make americans obey the rules they agreed to.
Santa Anna
1. What was texas known as

2. Why was Texas named this
1. Lone Star Republic

2. Texas was a slave state and the norther states would not let another slave state in the union
What did the souther states talk about doing if California became a free state?
seceding
What was the Name (phrase) given to the american's feeling that U.S. should expand from the Atlantic to the Pacific?
Manifest Destiny
Who did the Congress turn to to try to resolve the problem of balance of power and the states seceding.
Henry Clay
What States did president polk say he would add to the United States?
California
Oregon
Texas
What is the term we give to runaway slaves?
Fugitive
How did the United States and Mexico disagree on the boundary between United States and Mexico
United States said RIO GRANDE RIVER was the border

Mexico said NEUCES RIVER was the border
Who was the senator that worked to get Henry Clay's plan through Congress when Henry Clay became ill?
Stephen Douglas
Polk sent which General into the disputed territory?
General Zachery Taylor
wHAT DID SOUTHERNERS DO TO STOP SLAVES FROM RUNNING AWAY AND REBELING:
SLAVE CODES
How were the new territories to determine the question of slavery when they became states?
popular sovereignty
1. what was the name of the antislavery book that was published in 1852?

2. Who was the author?
1. Uncle Toms Cabin

2. Harriet Becher Stowe
Where was Abraham Lincoln from?
Kentucky
What party did Lincoln represent?
Republican- he was opposed to slavery
What sentaor proposed dividing the NEBRASKA TERRITORY
STEPHEN DOUGLAS
AFTER PROSLAVERY FORCES ATTACKED THE TOWN OF LAWRENCE IN KANSAS, _____________ AN ABOLITIONIST FROM NEW YORK MURDERED FIVE PEOPLE
JOHN BROWN
WHO WAS THE SLAVE THAT WAS TAKEN TO A FREE STATE TO BE TO LIVE BY HIS OWNER
DRED SCOTT
STEPHEN DOUGLAS WHO HELPED SET UP THE NEBRASKA - KANSAS ACT BELIEVED IN POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY

LINCOLN OPPOSED POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY BECAUSE HE DID NOT WANT SLAVERY TO SPREAD
.
WHO DID JOHN BROWN,( AN ANTISLAVERY MAN FROM N.Y.) RAID
THE U.S. ARMY ARSENAL AT HARPER'S FERRY, VA.
IN THE DEBATE BETWEEN LINCOLN AND STEPHEN DOUGLAS WHO WON THE ELECTION FOR THE ILLINOIS SENATE?
STEPHEN DOUGLAS
who won the election
lincoln
what happened shortly after lincoln won
-south carolina seceded from the union
- confederate states of america formed
with Jefferson Davis as their president

-
father of the american navy, fouth the british in the north sea
john paul jones
a person who wants to end slavery
abolitionist
a person who wanted to preserve the country for the natives
natavist
what did the nativist want to do
they wanted to limit immigration
because they felt the country should be preserved for natives only
author of the pamphlets "common sense and the crisis"
thomas paine
power of government is divided among three branches
legislative, executive, judicial

this is called division of powers
when the president rejects a bill
veto
what is a bill
a proposed law - a law that is presented and may be accepted
each branch of federal government has some way to check or control the other two branches
check and balances
what is it called when congress can vote against a proposed bill
override
to override a veto(when the president votes against a bill) how much of congress must vote for the bill again for it to be passed
two thirds
to bring charges against a president and take him out of office
impreach
writer of the declaration of independence
thomas jefferson
commander in chief of the continental army
george washington
who was our first president
george washington
known as the "swamp fox" because of his fighting style, he kept the british off
balance in the south
francis marion
helped america win the battle of saratoga but later betrayed the country
benedict arnold
when one betrays his country by going against it
traiter
ones who were loyal Britain
loyalist
one who was loyal to the colonies
patriot
who invented the mechanical reaper
cyrus mccormick
who invented the telegraph
samuel b morse
items andarticles left behind that we use today to receate the past
artifacts
a person that looks for evidence of the past in an effort to find out how people lived years ago
archaeologist
native americans that lived in what is today new yoirk state built homes called __________
long houses
people that signed a contract to work a certain number of years in return for their passage to america
indentured servants