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68 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Albert Einsten
he told Roosevelt that Germany might use nuclear weapons
Allies
americans sympathetic to them, they were against Germany; fighting the Axis Powers
American First Committee
formed by isolationists
Annex
to make part of your country
Anti-Semitism
hating the jews for no apparent reason
appeasement
accepting demands in order to avoid conflict
Atlantic Charter
document signed between Roosevelt and Chuchill
Auschwitz
location of extermination camp
Axis Powers
fighting the Allies
Bataan Death March
transfer of prisoners; by Japanese forces in the philipines; 1942
Battle of the Bulge
the battle of the turning point of the war
Berlin
where Albert Einstein went
Blitzkrieg
attacking all at once; not waiting and gaining as you go on
Bunker
big pieces of metal
Concentration Camps
places where the jews were kept; jews worked for the Germans there
Corregidor
island in the entrance of the Philippine's Manila Bay
D-Day
happened in France, 1944; american attack- in Normandy
Desert Fox
nickname for Erwin Rommel; fought against d-day; fought in North Africa
Dictator
a leader who rules with total authority, often in a cruel or brutal manner
disarmament
taking away all weapons
douglas MacArthur
american general
Dwight Eisenhower
general in war who became president after war
English Channel
the water america sailed on to get to normandy
Erwin Rommel
also called the desert fox
Extermination Camps
also called death camps, jews were sent there to be killed
Facism
extreme nationalism, to kill anyone who is not like you; no tolerance to others that are different
Genocide
the deliberate destruction of a racial, political, or cultural group
George Patton
US general
Guadalcanal
island in the Pacific Ocean; turning point of war, it stopped japanese expansion
Harry Truman
thirty-third president of the United States
Hiroshima
one of the places in Japan America bombed
Holocaust
when many, many jews were killed because they were jewish; also people who were not "pure German"
II Duce
Musolini was known as him
Indochina
vietnam
Infamy
being well known for something bad
Internment camps
people kept before sent to death camps
Isolationism
living within your country, with no help from anyone else. being just you
Iwo Jima
battle in the pacific between Japan and we won; famous because of picture of lifting flag
Kamikazes
planes that flew into ships and blew up; japanese
Lebensraum
idea of hitler; means "habitat" or "living space"; had to do with expansion
Lend-Lease
the act passed during World War II allowing the United States to seal, lend, or lease arms or other war supplies to any nation helpful to the United States
Liberation
freeing enslaved people; giving people back their rights
Maginot Line
a line of bunkers on the border between Poland and Germany
Manhattan Project
project to develope nuclear weapons
Mein Kampf
book hitler writes while in jail; book about "impure people"
Mobilization
gathering resources and prepationg for war
Moscow
capital of Russia
Nagasaki
one of the places america bombed
Nazi Party
the people who were for hitler
Nisei
Japanese/Chinese Americans
normandy
location of D-Day
Nuremburg Trials
trials for persecution of nazis
Okinawa
japanese island where the Battle of Okinawa took place; typhoon of steel; last major battle of the war
Potsdam Declaration
by Harry Truman, Winston Churchill and Chiang Kai-shek; terms of surrender for Japan
Propoganda
ideas or information designed and spread to influence opinion
RAF
the British Armed forces; stands for Royal Air Force
Rationing
giving out scarce items on a limited basis
Rosie the Riveter
"We Can Do It"; represented six million women who worked in factories during war
Selective Service Act
draft Roosevelt had before war
Stalingrad
Battle of Stalingrad took place here; between Germans and Allies; turning point in WWII of Europe
Suez Canal
the british empire depended on it; if canal was caputured by axis then they would have to increase many miles
Tokyo
america bombed here; raid on Tokyo called Doolittle Raid; on April 18, 1942
Totalitarian
when the government or polical authority control everything completely
Tuskegee Airmen
black pilots; trained alamaba's Tuskegee Army Air Field; first African American flying thing on US military
VE Day
"victory in europe day" may 8
VJ Day
"victory of Japan day"
WACS
women belonging to Women Army Corps- no longer present
WAVES
belonging to the women's part of the US navy- no longer present