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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Form of government in which people elect representatives to govern the country
A. republic
B. territory
Land that belongs to a national government but is not a state and is not represented in Congress
A. republic
B. territory
The Articles of Confederation was the plan of government used during what?
The Revolutionary War
What were the problems with the Article of Confederation?
1. Congress couldn't collect taxes
2. Weak central government
3. Not enough representatives from the states
Why did Shay's Rebellion happen?
Because Daniel Shays and other farmers wanted to stop the courts from taking their farms as payments for debts.
What was the name of the law that set up the steps which new states would be formed from the Northwest Territory?
The Northwest Ordinance
System in which the right to govern would be shared by the national and state governments.
A. federal system
B. bill
An idea for a new law
A. federal system
B. bill
What was decided at the Annapolis Convention in 1786?
That the U.S. needed a stronger central government.
Who was elected president of the Philadelphia Convention?
George Washington
Who was known as the "Father of the Constitution"?
James Madison
What was another name for the Philadelphia Convention?
Constitutional Convention
What powers were given to the states under the federal system?
1. make state laws
2. conduct state and local elections
3. set up state and local governments
What powers were given to the national government under the federal system?
1. print money
2. raise an army and navy
3. make treaties with other countries
What powers were given to both the state and national governments?
1. set up their own court system
2. tax citizens
What is the set of laws that governs the United States called?
The Constitution
Population count
A. census
B. electoral college
C. veto
A group of officials chosen by citizens to vote for the President and Vice President
A. census
B. electoral college
C. veto
Reject
A. census
B. electoral college
C. veto
To accuse a government official of crimes
A. veto
B. impeach
C. justices
Judges
A. veto
B. impeach
C. justices
What is the introduction to the Constitution called?
The Preamble
How often is a census done?
Every 10 years
What are the 2 parts of Congress called?
The Senate and the House of Representatives
How many years does a member of the House of Representatives serve?
2 years
How many years can a member of the Senate serve?
6 years
How long is the Presidents term of office?
4 years
Can a President be impeached if he doesn't do his job?
Yes
Who chooses the Supreme Court justices?
The President
How long is a Supreme Court justices appointment?
For life or until they decide to retire
How many Supreme Court justices are there?
9
What are the 3 branches of government?
1. legislative-makes laws-Congress
2. executive-enforces laws-President & Vice President
3. Judicial-makes sure laws obey the Constitution-Supreme Court
Approve
A. ratify
B. amendment
Change
A. ratify
B. amendment
Out of 13 states, how many states had to ratify the Constitution before it would go into effect?
9
What was the first state to ratify the Constitution?
Delaware
What are the first 10 amendments to the Constitution known has?
The Bill of Rights
Group of the President's most important advisers.
A. Cabinet
B. political party
C. candidate
Group whose members try to elect government officials who share the party's point of view about many issues
A. Cabinet
B. political party
C. candidate
Person running for office
A. Cabinet
B. political party
C. candidate
Who was the first President and Vice President?
George Washington and John Adams
What is the job of the Vice President?
To help the President carry out his duties
What are the jobs of the Cabinet?
1.State Department-deal with other countries
2.Treasury Department-deal with things related to money
3.War Department-in charge of army and navy
4.Attorney General-explains laws and powers of the Constitution
Maryland and Virginia gave up land for what?
The District of Columbia
Who was the first President to live in the White House?
John Adams