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25 Cards in this Set

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How was Beringia formed?
It was formed by lands that emerged during the ice ages
Which geographical feature extends the length of South America?
Andes
The warming of the earth's climate at the end of the last ice age made North America extremely dry. How did ancient people adapt to this change?
They learned how to grow beans, squash, and corn.
Why have the Olmec people come to be called the "mother culture" of all Mesoamerica?
Many later civilizations built on their accomplishments.
What resulted from the Mayan belief that the movements of heavenly bodies revealed the will of the gods?
a calendar
How did Copan's prosperity lead to its collapse?
The people could not grow food for the growing population.
How were the Inca typical of Mesoamerican empires?
Their society was structured under a single ruler.
When conquering another people, the Inca would do what?
offer them citizenship
Evidence from tombs has revealed that the Hopewell people had what?
an extensive trading network
What was the most important factor in the development of the Mississippian culture?
learning how to cultivate corn and beans
Which of the following most helped the Anasazi to continue flourishing in the desert?
trading turquoise for corn
How did the long drought in the 1100s help cause the Anasazi to abandon their settlements?
there was no water to irrigate their crops
What is a narrow neck of land?
isthmus
What is another word for corn?
maize
What is a steep hill with a flat tablelike top?
mesa
What is a vast, thick sheet of ice?
a glacier
What is another name for a public square?
plaza
What is the leading crop cultivated by ancient Americans?
corn or maize
Where did the Mound Builders live?
eastern United States
Describe two possible ways scientists believe umans might have first reached the Americas.
1. by sea in canoes
2. crossed a land bridge over what is now the Bering Sea.
If the earth's climate had not warmed after the last ice age, how might the civilizations in the ancient Americas have been different?
People may have remained hunters longer taking longer to make permanent settlements and cultivate crops.
Why would the Mayan's build a temple on top of a pyramid?
So the priests can be closer to the gods. The priests went higher than the people on the ground, showing their importance in society.
What accomplishment of the Inca civilization do you think was the most important in enabling it to become the largest empire in the Americas?
Their road system because they could trade and move their armies long distances over difficult terrain.
How did the knowledge of growing corn and beans lead to a rapid increase in the Mississippian populations?
They could feed more people and trade these crops for other needed goods.
How did pit houses, pueblos, and cliff dwellings protect the Anasazi from their desert environment?
Walls were thick and many walls were shared, insulating the buildings from daytime sun and the cool air at night. Stacking buildings meant that less heat would be lost to the outside during cooler weather.