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20 Cards in this Set

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House of Burgesses
representatives assembly in colonial virginia.
Reform of 1619
a more stable government to attract more settlers.
Magna Carta
signed in 1215, a British document that contained two basic ideas: monarchs themselves have to obey laws, and citizens have basic rights.
Sir Walter Raleigh
raised money to outfit a colony in North America with Queen Elizabeth I's permission.
Powhatan
The most powerful indian cheif, he agreed to supply corn for the English in Jamestown.
Captain John Smith
The man who helped save the Jamestown colony by setting up strict rules. To eat, you have to work.
Squanto
Wampowegan
•he helped the Pilgrams plant corn, beans, and pumpkins.
•taught the Pilgrams how to catch eels (Plymouth)
Pocahontas
daughter of Powhatan (the powerful indian cheif) she married John Rolfe. (Jamestown)
John Rolfe
Man who restored peace to Jamestown by having married Pocahontas.
Mayflower Compact
•Document signed in 1620 by 41 males on the Mayflower before they got off the boat. (stableized laws which everyone agreed to)
Pilgrims
English people who wanted religious freedom.
•they first went to the Netherlands
•then back to England
•then back to Plymouth
Colony
group of people who settle in a distant land but are still ruled by the government of their native land.
turning point
moment in history that marks a decisive change.
circumnavigate
travel all the way around the earth.
conquistador
name for the Spanish explorers who claimed lands in the Americas for Spain.
plantation
large estate farmed by many workers.
charter
legal document giving certain rights to a person or company.
parliament
representative assembly in England.
representative government
political system in which voters elect representatives to make laws for them.
persecution
mistreatment or punishment of a group of people because of their beliefs.