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65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
north and south advantages and disadvantages
-North had to attack and defeat the South--if not, the Confederacy would become a separate country
-Defending homeland
-Good soldier skills-hunting
-few factories
-no manufactured goods from north
-small population
-strong navy
military challenge
-had to conquer huge area
-invaded unfamilar land
Presdient Davis
-president of Confederacy
-strong leader
Presiddnent Lincoln
at first doubted, but then proved to be strong leader and fine war planner
Union plans
blockade southern ports
-cut of south's supply trade with europe
--seize control of mississippi to separate confederacy
-seize richmond virginia
confederate plans
stay home and fight a defensive ar so that northerns were tire and end
battle of bull run
clash of untrained troops showed that both sides needed training and that it would be a long and bloody war
Merrimack and Monitor
Merrimack-Confederate ironclad ship--Monitor-Union ironclad ship
-fought-in the end both were seriously damaged and withdrew
rionclad ships
changed naval warfare
battle of antietam
neither side won a clear victory but b/c lee had ordered his forces to withdraw, north claimed victory
bloodiest battle of the civil war
fall of vicksburg
north tried twice to get it and got it second time. acheived 2 goals:
got mississippi rivver to divide confderacy and naval blockade
emancipation proclamation
as of january 1, 1863, anyone held as a slave in a state still in the rebellion against the u.s. would be freed
-europeans like it and would less likely help south
-happy northern african americans
54th massachusetts regiment
one of the fire all-black regiments that attacked fort wagner and won repect because of their courage
civilians in revolution
helped w/ food and supplies
supporters of the civil war
hardships of war
deadly weapons, harsh battle conditions, crude medical care, and appalling prison camps
union gave payments to men who enlisted in the army
in civil war
how ppl got away with the darft
they could pay money
habeas corpus
the right to have a haring before being jailed-lincoln would sometimes suspend this to stop draft riots and other disloyal practices
overcharged the government for goods desperately needed for the war
confederates required farmers to turn over one tenth of their crops ot the government
northern economy
raised money by taxing luxury items
-issued bonds
-income tax
economic boost bc need of more farming machines
southern economy
printed so much money that wild inflation set

-affected cotton trade
effect of northern blockade
created many shortages for the south
south paid money for european goods that they never got bc of blockade
Confederate victories
Fredericksberg (one of Union's worst defeats) and Chancellorville (where lee decided to move north)
Gettysburg--pickets charge
conderate picket charged at union and lost. confederates would never again invade the north. the war had reached its turning point
gettysburg address
lincoln said civil war was a test of whether or not a democratic government could survice. reminded amerians that country was founded on "all men were created equal"
total war
in the pat, only soliders were involved in war. in total war, everyone was affected as the army destroyed food and equipment that might be useful to the enemy. Civilians in south suffered same harships as sldiers
end of war
richmond falls
Appomattox Courthouse
Lee and his army surrended here. Confederate soldiers were reuqired to turn over their rifles, but officers were allowed to keep pistols. SOldiers would had horses could keep them--SOutherners would need them for spring plowing
men and women who had been slaves and now lived in the south with no land, no jobs, and no education
Lincolns plan to rebuild the south
ten percent plan
a southern state could form a new government after 10 percent of its overs swore an oath of loyalty to the u.s. once it was formed, it had to abolish slavery.
wade-davis bill
challened 10% plan--required majory of white men in each state to swear loyalty but denied the right to vote or hold office to anyone who vlunteered to fight for confederacy--lincoln refused to sign
freedmens bureau
gave food and clothing to former slaves-tried to find them jobs-gave medical care to them and poor whites as well--set up schools and souths publicschools and colleges
thirteenth amendment
BANNED slavery throughout the nation
johnson's reconstruction
majority of voters to delcare loyalty
rebellion in congress
northerners regused to give southerners their seats after they led the south out of the union (ex. alexander stephens, former vp of confederacy)
black codes
laws that severly limited the rights of freedmen
ex. no voting, own guns, serve on juries
-could marry and own some kinds of property
Radical Republicans
led the opposition against johnson bc johnson ignored report from north on black codes
radical goals
break power of rich planters who ruled south for years
ensure freedmen the right to vote
Civil Rights Act of 1866
gave african americans citizenship
fourteenth amendment
granted citizenship to all persons born in the us
radical reconstruction
republicans took charge in congress with majorities.
reconstruction act
threw out southern state governments that refused to ratify the 14th amendment divided south into 5 military districts, confed. states had to write new constitutions. african americans had to vote in all states
fifteenth amendment
forbade any state from dneying african americans the right to vote bc of their race
why did radical republicans want johnson impeached??
he opposed the congressional reconstruction plan
was johnson impeached
no, republican senators knew johnson was not guilty of any crime
people from the north who moved south to get rich after the war
white southerners who opposed the Confederacy
What did reconstruction governments do?
built new schools, roads, and railroads
banned racial segregation
former plantation owners provided livestock, tools, and land to former slaves in exchange for a share of their crop---to deal with economic problems
when did reconstruction end?
when northern troops withdrew in 1877
What happened after reconstruction ended in the south?
former confederate leaders returned to power, and freedmen lost most of their newly achieved rights
Ku Klux Klan
terrorized southern blacks who challenged white control
Jim crow laws
passed in the south-segregated whites from blacks in schools and other public facilities
wanted the South to change as little as possible and for African Ameircans to not have a lot of rights
plessy vs ferguson
court ruled that "separate but equal" was legal
Booker T Washington
african american leader who wrote UP FROM Slavery
WEB De DuBois
founder of the NAACP who spoke out against injustices
3 voting restrictions on african americans
1) poll taxes-reuqired voters to pay-poor freedmen could barely afford it
2) literacy tests-required voters to read and explain difficult part of the constitution-freedmen had litte education
3) grandfather clauses-if a voters father or grandfather had been eligible to vote on January 1, 1867, the voter did not have to take a literacy test-african americans could not vote before 1868
Dr. Mary E Walker
new yorker who achieved fame as a surgeon with the union army
dr. elizabeth blackwell
first female doctor in the nation
harriet tubman
led some 300 runaway slaves to freedom