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24 Cards in this Set

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Renaissance
A period of European history, lasting from about 1300 to 1600, during which renewed interest in classical culture led to far-reaching changes in art, learning, and views of the world.
Humanism
a Renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements.
secular
concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters
patron
a person who supports artists, especially financially.
perspective
an artistic technique that creates the appearance of three dimensions on a flat surface
vernacular
the everyday language of people in a region or country
Utopia
an imaginary land described by Thomas More in his book-hence, an ideal place
printing press
a machine for reproducing written material by pressing paper against arrangements of inked type.
Gutenberg Bible
the first full-sized book printed with movable type and a printing press
indulgence
a pardon releasing a person from punishments due for a sin
Reformation
a 16th-century movement for religious reform, leading to the founding of Christian churches that rejected the pope's authority
Lutheran
a member of a Protestant church founded on the teachings of Martin Luther
Protestant
a member of a Christian chruch founded on the principles of the Reformation
Peace of Augsburg
a 1555 agreement declaring that the religion of each German state would be decided by its ruler
annul
to cancel or put an end to
Anglican
relating to the church of England
predestination
the doctrine that God has decided all things beforehand, including which people will be eternally saved
Calvinism
a body of religious teachings based on the ideas of the reformer John Calvin
theocracy
a government controlled by religious leaders
Presbyterian
a member of a Protestant church governed by elders and founded on the teachings of John Knox
Anabaptist
in the Reformation, a Protestant group that believed in baptizing only those persons who were old enough to decide to be Christian and in separation of church and state.
Catholic Reformation
a 16th-century movement in which the Roman Catholic Church sought to reform itself in response to the Protestant Reformation
Jesuits
members of the society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic religious order founded by Igatius of Loyola
Council of Trent
meeting of Roman Catholic leaders, called by Pope Paul III to rule on doctrines criticized by the Protestant reformers