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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A meeting of state representatives in 1787 to revise the Articles of Confederation. It created the U.S. Constitution
Constitutional Convention
A way of settling an argument where each side gives up some of what it wants.
British and French conflict for control of the Ohio River Valley.
French and Indian War
Agreement made at the Constitutional Convention that settled how states (large and small) would be represented
Great Compromise
Our 7th President, he was a General in the War of 1812, and responsible for the Indian Removal Act
Andrew Jackson
System where each branch of government controls or "checks" the other branch
Checks and balances
The branch of government that decides if laws are carried out fairly
The branch of government that passes laws
The branch of government that carries out laws
The law that divided up the northwest territory, and created a way to admit new states
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Canceling of a law
The idea that a country's power comes from expanding trade, with colonies as a source of wealth.
An agreement for ruling Plymouth colony, signed by Pilgrims before they landed at Plymouth
Mayflower Compact
People who agree to work for a period of time WITHOUT WAGES in exchange for passage to the colonies
Indentured servants
In 1754 delegates from the colonies and representatives of the League of the Iroquois met and formed this plan for government
Albany Plan of Union
A form of government where the national government and the states divide the power
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
Bill of Rights
approval of an amendment so that it is added to the Constitution
A group of officials appointed by the President to advise him (or her)
The 1794 uprising of farmers against the tax on liquor.
Whiskey Rebellion
Laws passed in 1789 stating that foreigners who were considered dangerous could be expelled from the country, and citizens who stirred up rebellion could be jailed or fined.
Alien & Sedition Acts
Area west of the Mississippi purchased by Jefferson in 1803 from France for $15 million
Louisiana Purchase
Leaders of an expedition appointed by Jefferson to explore the Louisiana Purchase
Lewis & Clark
A Shoshone woman who served as a translator and guide for Lewis & Clark
Act of forcing someone to serve in the Navy. Practiced by the British, it helped spark the War of 1812.
Conflcit between the United States and Britain over freedom of the seas and impressment of sailors
War of 1812
The 6th President of the United States, accused of a "corrupt bargain"
John Quincy Adams
Law that forced Native Americans west of the Mississippi
Indian Removal Act
Cherokee's sorrowful journey driven out of their lands by the U.S. Army.
Trail of Tears
1765 law that taxed paper documents, it helped spark the reaction, "no taxation without representation"
Stamp Act
1770 shooting of five colonists by British soldiers
Boston Massacre
Women supporters of the American Revolution, they paraded, petitioned and boycotted British cloth.
Daughters of liberty
Site of the first major battle of the American Revolution, proving Americans could fight bravely.
Bunker Hill
Author of "Common Sense"
Thomas Paine
Battle that was a major American victory, and a turning point in the American Revolution
Battle of Saratoga
Final battle of the American Revolution where General Cornwallis surrenders
Battle of Yorktown
The author of the Bill of Rights, he was an important delegate at the Constitutional Convention, and later became our 4th President
James Madison
Agreement that 3/5ths of the slave population would count towards a state's representation.
Three-Fifths Compromise
Adopted by the colonies in 1776, this document proclaimed the colonies' independence from Britain
Declaration of Independence
The principal author of the Declaration of Independence and our third president
Thomas Jefferson