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39 Cards in this Set

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Albert Einstein
Warned Roosevelt that Germany was building an atom bomb
Allies
The countries that fought against the Axis powers
America First Committee
A group of nationalists who didn't want to be involved in WWII
Annex
to incorporate (territory) into the domain of a city, country, or state
Anti-Semitism
A hate towards Jewish people because of who they are
Appeasement
To give a person what they want so that they stop stirring up trouble
Atlantic Charter
the joint declaration of President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill (August 14, 1941) resulting from a conference at sea, setting forth the peace aims of their governments for the period following World War II. The declaration was later endorsed by a number of countries and incorporated in the purposes of the United Nations.
Auschwitz
a Nazi concentration camp for Jews in southwestern Poland during World War II
Axis Powers
The side that included Germany, Italy, and Japan all fighting against the allies
Bataan Death March
The Bataan Death March (aka The Death March of Bataan) was a war crime involving the forcible transfer of prisoners of war, with wide-ranging abuse and high fatalities, by Japanese forces in the Philippines in 1942. The march occurred after the three-month Battle of Bataan, part of the Battle of the Philippines (1941-42), during World War II.
Battle of Bulge
Ardennes Offensive (called Unternehmen: Wacht am Rhein (Undertaking: Watch on the Rhine) by the German military (Heeresgruppe B), officially named the Battle of the Ardennes by the U.S. Army, and known to the general public as the Battle of the Bulge), started on December 16, 1944.[1] Wacht am Rhein was supported by subordinate operations known as Bodenplatte, Greif, and Währung. Germany's planned goal for these operations was to split the British and American Allied line in half, capturing Antwerp, Belgium, and then proceeding to encircle and destroy four Allied armies, forcing the Western Allies to negotiate a peace treaty in the Axis Powers’ favor.
Berlin
The capital of Germany where Hitler's regime started and gained power
Blitzkreig
Lightening War a tactic used by the Germans in WWII where they attacked another country with all of it's power at one time
Bunker
A fortification device that protected soldier from bombs and where most soldiers slept
Concentration Camps
German camps that held Jews in WWII, some of them killed Jews and other minorities
Corregidor
During the Battle of the Philippines (1941–42), General Douglas MacArthur used Corregidor as Allied headquarters until March 11, 1942. From December 24, 1941 to February 19, 1942, it was also the temporary location of the government of the Commonwealth of the Philippines — on December 30, 1941, outside the Malinta Tunnel, President Manuel L. Quezon and Vice-President Sergio Osmeña were inaugurated for a second term. The Voice of Freedom, the radio station of the USAFFE (United States Army Forces in the Far East) broadcast from Corregidor, including the famous announcement of the fall of Bataan. Japanese troops forced a surrender of the remaining American and Filipino forces on Corregidor on May 6 after the Battle of Corregidor.
D-Day
By far, the best known D-Day is June 6, 1944 — the day on which the Battle of Normandy began — commencing the Western Allied effort to liberate mainland Europe from Nazi occupation during World War II. However, many other invasions and operations had a designated D-Day, both before and after Operation Overlord. The invasion of France was originally planned for June 5, 1944 but bad weather and heavy seas delayed that.
Desert Fox
Erwin Johannes Eugen Rommel (listen (help·info)) (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was one of the most distinguished German field marshals of World War II. He was the commander of the Deutsches Afrika Korps and also became known by the nickname “The Desert Fox” (Wüstenfuchs, listen (help·info)) for the skillful military campaigns he waged on behalf of the German Army in North Africa. He was later in command of the German forces opposing the Allied cross-channel invasion at Normandy.
Dictator
A leader of a country who prohibits freedom of speech through terror, also trying to help his economy
Disarmament
Second, nuclear disarmament which does not address civilian weapons and military systems whose firepower and extent of damage can be considerable. The war in Iraq has led to the deaths of tens of thousands of civilians. In the Korean War, hundreds of thousands have died. In so-called "New Wars" in Africa, millions have died. In none of these cases were nuclear weapons used. Yet, the extent of civilian and military deaths have been considerable, surpassing the damage caused by the nuclear explosions in Japan during World War Two.
Douglas MacArthur
Douglas MacArthur (January 26, 1880 - April 5, 1964), was an American general who played a prominent role in the Pacific theater of World War II. He was poised to command the invasion of Japan in November 1945 but was instead instructed to accept their surrender on September 2, 1945. MacArthur oversaw the occupation of Japan from 1945 to 1951 and is credited for making far-ranging democratic changes in that country.
Dwight Eisenhower
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower, born David Dwight Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 - March 28, 1969) was an American soldier and politician, who served as the thirty-fourth President of the United States (1953-1961). During World War II, he served as Supreme Commander of the Allied forces in Europe, with responsibility for planning and supervising the successful invasion of France and Germany in 1944-45.
English Channel
The strip of water between France and England that was crossed on D-Day
Extermination Camps
Places where all they did was kill people and did nothing else ex. Treblinka Auschwitz
Fascism
Ruling a country through terror and violence so that no one apposes the dictator
Genocide
Mass killings of innocent people just because of who they are
George Patton
eorge Smith Patton Jr. (November 11, 1885 – December 21, 1945) was a leading U.S. Army general in World War II in campaigns in North Africa, Sicily, France and Germany, 1943-45. In World War I he was a senior commander of the new tank corps and saw action in France. After the war he was an advocate of armored warfare but was reassigned to the cavalry. In World War II he commanded major units of North Africa, Sicily, and the European Theater of Operations.
Guadalcanal
Following the Attack on Pearl Harbor and Singapore, Japanese forces advanced into the South Pacific occupying many islands in an attempt to build a defensive ring around their conquests and threaten the lines of communication between the United States and Australia/New Zealand reaching Guadalcanal in May 1942. When the allied forces spotted construction of an airfield on Guadacanal, the United States conducted the first amphibious landing of the conflict and one of the most hotly contested campaigns for control of the ground, sea and skies of the war. Guadalcanal became a major turning-point in the war as it stopped Japanese expansion and after four months forced the Japanese to cease trying to contest the control of the island and finally evacuate it in February 1943.
Harry Truman
Truman's presidency was eventful in foreign affairs, starting with victory over Germany, the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the surrender of Japan and the end of World War II, the founding of the United Nations, the Marshall Plan to rebuild Europe, the Truman Doctrine to contain Communism, the beginning of the Cold War, the creation of NATO, and the Korean War. The war became a frustrating stalemate, with over 30,000 Americans killed.
Hiroshima
On August 6, 1945 the nuclear weapon was dropped on Hiroshima, directly killing an estimated 80,000 people and completely destroying approximately 68% of the city's buildings. In the following months, an estimated 60,000 more people died from injuries or radiation poisoning.
Holocaust
The Holocaust (from the Greek holókauston from olon "completely" and kauston "burnt"), also known as Ha-Shoah (Hebrew: השואה), Khurbn (Yiddish: חורבן or Halokaust, האלאקאוסט), is the term generally used to describe the killing of approximately six million European Jews during World War II, as part of a program of deliberate extermination planned and executed by the National Socialist regime in Germany led by Adolf Hitler.
Il Duce
He was Mussolini he was an evil dictator and ruled in a fascists way. He also always acted like a big shot.
Indochina
Now known as Vietnam it was captured by the Japanese in WWII and was owned by China originally.
Infamy
Being known for doing something bad. Roosevelt said, " We will remember Pearl Harbor as a day of infamy."
Internment Camps
Were camps in America that held Japanese- American Citizens because the government was scared they were going to help Japan in the War.
Isolationism
Is when people believe that they shouldn't be involved in world affairs but only care about the nation and only intervene when they get attacked.
Iwo Jima
is a volcanic island of Japan. It is famous as the site of the Battle of Iwo Jima in February and March 1945 between the United States and Japan during World War II, where Mike Strank, Harlon Block, Franklin Sousley, Ira Hayes, Rene Gagnon, and John Bradley famously pitched the U.S. flag on the island's only mountaintop.
Kamikazes
Japanese suicide bombers who crashed planes loaded with missiles into American ships
Lebensraum
Lebensraum was one of the major political ideas of Adolf Hitler.It was the stated policy of the Nazis to kill, deport, or enslave the Polish, Russian and other Slavic populations, whom they considered inferior, and to repopulate the land with Germanic peoples.