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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
CONSTITUTION
A document that has the basic rules to govern a state or country.
RATIFY
to formally approve
REPRESENTATIVE
A person chosen to speak or vote for others.
TRADE
the buying and selling of goods
ENTREPRENEUR
someone who starts and runs his/her own business
BANK
A business that helps people save and borrow money.
STOCK
A share of ownership in a business
NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE (NYSE)
a building on Wall Street where stocks are bought and sold all over the world
BIG TREE TREATY
an agreement in which the Senecas sold nearly all their land to the Holland Land Company
CANAL
an inland waterway built for transportation or irrigation
INDUSTRY
all the businesses that make one kind of goods or provide one kind of service
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
the major change, starting in the 1800's, in which power-driven machines replaced hand tools
IMMIGRANT
a person who comes to a new country to live
REFORM
a change to make things better
SUFFRAGE
the right to vote
ABOLITION
ending or doing away with completely
UNDERGROUND RAILROAD
a group of people who helped enslaved African Americans escape to freedom along secret routes before and during the Civil War
SECEDE
to withdraw or formally leave an organization
CONFEDERACY
the government formed by 11 Southern states that seceded from the United States, 1861-1865
EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION
the announcement made by President Lincoln in 1863 that all enslaved people living in the Confederate states were free
RURAL
of the countryside; including farms, small villages, or unsettled land
URBAN
of a city
LABOR UNION
a group of workers organized to get better working conditions
STRIKE
a refusal; of all workers in a business to work until the owners meet their demands
TENEMENT
a crowded, poor maintained apartment building
AMENDMENT
an addition to the Constitution
GREAT DEPRESSION
the period of widespread economic hardship in the 1930's
NEW DEAL
government programs started by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1930's to aid people during the Great Depression
DISCRIMINATION
an unfair difference in the treatment of people
CIVIL RIGHTS
the rights of all citizens to be treated equally under the law
MANUFACTURING
making large amounts of goods in factories
IMPORT
something brought in from another country for sale or use
EXPORT
something sold or trades to another country
ROCHESTER
a city on Genesee river and port on the Erie Canal; a major New York center for industry
SERVICES
jobs people do to help others rather than to make things
FINANCIAL SERVICES
industry involved with managing money
MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT
government of a village, town, county, or city
BUDGET
a plan for using money
WALL STREET
A street on the southern tip of Manhattan Island. It became the business center of New York State and the United States.
ERIE CANAL
a canal that runs over 350 miles from Buffalo on Lake Erie to Albany on the Hudson River
CIVIL WAR
the war in the United States between the Union states of the North and the Confederate states of the South, 1861-1865