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43 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
When were the articles of the confederation written?
during the American Revolution
Why were the articles of the confederation written?
to establish the powers of the new national government
What were the basic weaknesses of the articles of confederation?
1. provided for a weak national government
2. gave congress no power to tax or regulate commerce
3. provided no common currency
4. gave each state one vote regardless of size
5. provided no executive or judicial branch of goverment
What type of government did the constitution of the U.S. establish?
Federal
The constitution of the U.S. shared powers between what two governments?
National and state
What did the Bill of Rights guarantee?
Individual rights
What is a Federal system of government?
A system that divides governmental powers between National and Stae governments
What means "separation of powers?"
Separate branches of government
What was the "Separation of powers" based on?
James Madison's "Virginia Plan"
What does Congress do?
Congress makes the laws.
What is Congress?
a two house legislature in which all states are represented equally in the Senate
How many senators are there per state?
2
Where are the people represented?
the House of Representatives
How is the number of state's representatives determined?
based on the state's population
How many Senators and Representatives are there?
100 Senators and 435 Representatives
What is Congress?
a two house legislature in which all states are represented equally in the Senate
How many senators are there per state?
2
Where are the people represented?
the House of Representatives
How is the number of state's representatives determined?
based on the state's population
How many Senators and Representatives are there?
100 Senators and 435 Representatives
Which city in the U.S. has no Senators or Representatives?
Washington D.C.
Who determines if the laws made by Congress are constitutonal?
Judicial Branch (Supreme Court)
Who carries out the laws?
Executive branch (President)
What does each branch check with the other branch?
their power
What do the checks of one branch on another do?
Keep any one branch from gaining too much power
Who was the author of the Bill of Rights?
James Madison
What do the first 10 Amendments of the Constitution guarentee?
1. Individual rights
2. freedom of speech
3. freedom of religion
Who had opposing views on the role of the national government?
Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson
What formed due to the opposition of the two individuals?
two political parties
Throughout the history of the United States, what have people debated about?
the role of national government
What did Alexander Hamilton favor?
1. leader of Federalists
2. strong national government
3. limits on state powers
4. development of industry on national scale
5. a national bank
What did Thomas Jefferson favor?
1. leader of Democratic party
2. weak national government
3. small businesses and farmers
4. opposed national bank
Congress and the first ___ presidents made decisions establishing a strong government that helped the nation grow in ___ and ____
1. five
2. size
3. power
What were the major national ________ and _______ faced by the first 5 presidents?
1. issues
2. events
All of the first five presidents were from Virgina except?
John Adams
What were George Washington's Accomplishments?
1. Federal court system
2. political parties
3. Bill of Rights added to Constitution
4. plans for national capital in Washington D.C.
Which African-American astronomer and surveyor helped complete the design for Washington D.C.
Benjamin Banneker
What was John Adams' accomplishment?
A Two party system
What was Thomas Jefferson's accomplishment?
Louisiana purchase from France
Who explored the new land west of the Mississippi?
Lewis and Clark
What was James Madison's accomplishment?
War of 1812 caused European nations to gain respect for U.S.
What was James Monroe's accomplishment?
Monroe Doctrine
What did the Monroe Doctrine state?
Warned European nations not to interfere in the Western hemisphere