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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
commerical revolution
a period in Europe, from the 1400s to the 1700s, when capitalism thrived with the expansion of trade, business, and investments
Peace of Augsburg
settlement signed that princes agreed that the religion of each German state was to be decided by its ruler
geocentric theory
the theory that the earth is the center of the universe
Index of Forbidden Books
pope Paul IV drew a list of books that were dangerous to the Catholic faith + burned them all
Council of Trant
where Catholic bishops + cardinals met to discuss doctrines; where books were decided to be burned
Strarry Messenger
Galileo's book on discribing his astonashing observations
Thirty Years' War
war in Bohemia to put down the Protestant revolt by Ferdinand's sent army; 2 major phases (phase of Hapsburg triumphs + the phase of Hapsburg defeats)
made the heliocentric theory
heliocentric theory
a theory that the sun is the center of the universe
the money gained from the sale of goods after expenses have been paid
Treaty of Westphalia
Ended the Germans Thirty Years War
Philip II's palace and monastery
counter reformation
a movement in the 1500's to reform the Catholic Church and to work against Protestantism
Philip II
Charles V's son who ruled Spain, and inherited American colonies and much more and fooled the duchy of Milan
a political unit that is not ruled by a monarch and in which citizens have the right to choose their leaders
the Armada
Philips huge fleet of ships
Ignatius Loyola
Catholic reformer who gathered followers to make the Society of Jesus (Jesuits)
Battle of Lepanto
Chatholic princes sent arms against Ottoman empire; Spanish-Venetian ships met Ottoman fleet-Ottoman's crushed
an economic system characterized by the investment of money in business ventures with the goal of making a profit
wealth such as money, machines, tools, or buildings that can be used to produce more wealth
Society of Jesus
aobut absolute discipline + obedience; followers of Ignatius; converted non-christians to Catholicism