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59 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Line of Demarcation
line dividing the "Indies" (north + south through Atlantic Ocean) by Pople Alexander VI for Spain and Portugual
complete control over an industry, a product, or a service
Christian humanist of Holland; wrote In Praise of Folly
Francesco Petrarch
Italian poet; Laura was his muse and spititual ideal
a nearly perfect society-without greed, corruption, war, and crime-based on peace, reason, and mercy
a small ship developed in the 1400's, with triangular sails for tacking into the wind and square sails for running before the wind
Italian friar who wanted to reform the Church; he overthrew the Piero de Medici + controlled Florence himself
"The Last Supper"
painting done by Leonardo da Vinci
one whose opinions differ from those of the established Church
Vasco da Gama
Portuguese captain sailed to India + brought back cinnamon and pepper + recieved a hero's award for it
Hapsburg family
risen to power in Austria; they chose the Holy Roman emperors; won lots of land
an instrument that indicates direction by using a magnetic needle
a Christian who is a member of a Protestant church
a technique of giving objects in a picture the appearance of depth and distance
small group of laymen who governed a church community in Scotland
painter who sculpted "David" and painted the Sistine Chapel
a pardon that released the buyer from doing penance set by the Church
Pope Julius II
pope from 1503 to 1513, loved art + power equally, wanted Rome to be the capital of the world; he decided to tear down old St. Peter's Basilica
a government controlled by church leaders
golden age where Florence came under political rule of the Medici family
Martin Luther
friar who in a book accused bishops, archbishops, + the pope of straying from the teachings of Jesus; reguarded as a national hero from German people; all led to the Scientific Revolution
Captain who sailed with 3 ships to the now adays called the US
he printed a Bible in 1455
Portuguese captain; when traveling to Africa his ship was battered by storms
Scientific Revolution
In the 1500's and 1600's, a new and radical way of thinking about the natural world by using careful observation and questioning old theories
goldsmith who won Florence's most promising artist guild; created bronze doors for Baptistry
In the 1500's and 1600's a French Protestant who was a follower of Calvinism
The Courtier
book that told young people how to become an accomplished person who everyone would admire
Portuguese nobleman who decided he could reach Asia by sailing around the southern tip of the new continent
Cosimo de Medici
wealthy man who won control of government in Florence; he paid off debts, spent florins on artistic + scholarly projects
Thomas More
Christian humanist of Holland; he wrote Utopia
Prince Henry the Navigator
helped launch the Age of Exploration by opening a famous center for navigation
a religious crisis in the 1500's in the Roman Catholic Church that led to the establishment of Protestant churches
wrote The Prince; was bitter about invaision of Italy by foreigners
Henry VIII
king of England; son of the "new monarch"; catholic; divorced his wife; 6 marriages
Florentine merchant who wrote letters + got a map published by a German who labeled the land America
Diet of Worms
where Luther and his ideas were on trial
Pieter Bruegel
painter who painted scenes form weddings, dances, + harvests; gave sense of life + feeling with balance of space + colors
who Calvin calls the people who would be saved from sin
Lorenzo de Medici
Cosimo's grandson who took over Florence's power
Spaniard who claimed whats now the Pacific Ocean all for Spain
Anne Boleyn
Henry's VIII's second marriage; became queen + had a daughter; was later imprisoned + beheaded
Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor in Germany who opposed Luther
Reformation Parliament
made king head of the Church of England
book written by Thomas More about a society based on reason + mercy
John Knox
preacher who brought Calvin's ideas to Scotland which led them to become Presbyterians
Catherine of Aragon
Henry VIII's unwanted wife; he divorced her
John Calvin
published Institues of the Christian Religion; called some the "elect"; had a doctrine caled predestination; hoped for theocracy
Dante Alighieri
poet + famous for writing The Divine Comedy
Edward VI
first to rule after Henry's death
The Divine Comedy
written by Dante Alighieri; full of political events of Dante's times; philosophic bridge between Europe's past and its future
Mary Tudor
second to rule after Henry's death
the everyday language of a region or country
Elizabeth I
returned her kingdom to Protestantism
Giotto di Bondone
painted the Areana Chapel with scenes from the Bible
one who studies classical texts
Leonardo da Vinci
painter who was brought to the court of Mantua by Isabella d'Este
the technique of painting on wet plaster
a movement in Europe between the 1300's and 1600's, marked by a revival, or rebirth, of interest in classical Greek and Roman art, literature, and learning