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Progress

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55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Progressivism
- a collection of different ideas and activities
- political movement
- crossed party line
- believed that industrialism & urbanization created many social problems
What caused social problems?
- industrialism
- urbanization
Progressives agreed on what?
- that government should take a more active role in dealing with these problems
Progressivism
- a collection of different ideas and activities
- political movement
- crossed party line
- believed that industrialism & urbanization created many social problems
Progressivism was a reaction to ___________________.
- laissez-faire economics
What caused social problems?
- industrialism
- urbanization
Progressives's doubts:
1) ____________________
2) ____________________
1) free market's ability to address those problems
2) doubted that government in its present form could fix those problems
Progressives agreed on what?
- that government should take a more active role in dealing with these problems
Progressivism was a reaction to ___________________.
- laissez-faire economics
Why did progressives believe people could improve society?
- they had a strong faith in science and techonology
Progressives's doubts:
1) ____________________
2) ____________________
1) free market's ability to address those problems
2) doubted that government in its present form could fix those problems
Muckrakers
- amongn the first people to articulate progressive ideas was a group of crusading journalists who investigated social conditions and political corruption.
List 2 beliefs of Efficiency progressives
1) commission plan- city's govt. would be divided into depts. & placed under the control of an expert commisioner
2) council-manager system
Why did progressives believe people could improve society?
- they had a strong faith in science and techonology
Muckrakers
- amongn the first people to articulate progressive ideas was a group of crusading journalists who investigated social conditions and political corruption.
List the 3 new reforms

1)
2)
3)
1. initiative
2. referendum
3. recall
List 2 beliefs of Efficiency progressives
1) commission plan- city's govt. would be divided into depts. & placed under the control of an expert commisioner
2) council-manager system
Initiative reform
- allowed a group of citizens to introduce legislation and required the legislature to vote on it.
List the 3 new reforms

1)
2)
3)
1. initiative
2. referendum
3. recall
Initiative reform
- allowed a group of citizens to introduce legislation and required the legislature to vote on it.
Referendum reform
- allowed proposed legislation to be submitted to the voters for approval
Recall Reform
- allowed voters to demand a special election to remove an elected official from office before his or her tem had expired
Why did charles Edward Russell condemn the Senate?
- because political machines or large trusts often controlled the elections, gaining contracts and jobs
What amendment was passed in 1912 and ratified in 1913?
- 17th Amendment
What happened in Seneca Falls?
- First Women's rights convention
Who organized the women's right convention?
- Elizabth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott
Suffrage
- the right to vote
Reasons for suffrages movement's slow start
1.
2.
3.
1) suffragist were accused of being unfeminine and immoral
2) physical attacks
3) many preferred to concentrate on abolishing slavery
2 Suffrage Movements
1. National ________ Suffrage Association led by ______________ & _____________
1) Woman
- Elizabeth Cady Stanton
- Susan B. Anthony
National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) group's focus was __________________-
- to pass a constitutional amendment allowing women to vote
How was the National American Woman Suffrage Association formed?
- the debate over the 14&15 amendments split the suffrage movement into 2 groups
Middle class women and working class women had different reasons for wanting the vote. What were they?
-Middle class women needed to vote to promote social reforms they favored
- working class women wanted the right to vote for labor laws protecting women
Alice Paul
- Quaker
- __________ Worker
- leader of ___________
- Organized __________
- for the purpose of ____________
- Social
- Washington march
- wanted to force President Wilson to take action on women's suffrage
Why did Alice Paul leave NAWSA?
- she was considered too extreme
What did Alice Paul form?
- National Women's Party
Carrie Chapman Catt
Leader of ________________
- NAWSA
Carrie Chapman Catt developed what she called her "Winning _____"
She used __________ to support ____________
- plan
- NAWSA
- Wilson
1st constitutional amendment failed because ________________
- the senate couldn't pass it
Who lobbied for the amendment?
- Wilson
What amendment was finally passed, when it was ratified?
- 19th amendment passed in 1919 and was ratified in 1920
Child Labor
What changed that caused child labor to become more of a problem?
- factory work was unhealthy and momotonous
Who wrote a book?
What was the title?
- John Spargo
- The Bitter Cry of the Children
This and similar reports resulted in ______________________.
- laws with limits on child labor and on compulsory education
Health & Safety
A fire in ___________ which was located in ___________ prompted ____________
- Triangle Tshirt company
- New York
- building codes
Job related injuries resulted in _________________
- worker's compensation laws
___________ laws were seen as a way to protect the public
- zoning
Prohibition
- laws banning the manufacuting, sale and consumption of alcohol
Alcohol cause many problems such as:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
1. wages were spent on alcohol
2. physical abuse
3. illness
4. hurting workers' efficiency
5. saloons were informal headquarters for political machines
Temperance movement
- advocated the moderation or elimination of alcohol
Temperance movement groups
1)
2)
1. Women's Christian Temperance Union
2. Anti- Saloon League
1st goal of these groups was ____________________.
Later the goal was ____________
- the reducation of alcohol consumption

- prohibition
Progressive concerns
1) A _____ people had ________ of the wealth
1) few, most
2) ___________: combination of frims or corportations formed by a legal settlement, especially to reduce competition
2) trusts
3) _____________ companies whose primary business is owning a controlling share of stock in other companies
3) holding companies
Sherman Antitrust Act
- What was its purpose?
- to break up big companies and restore competition