Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/20

Click to flip

20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Victory at Yorktown
- Washington wanted to attack the ____________ in Yorktown, VA.
- July 1780-French warships arrived with 5,000 soldiers under the command of General _________________
- Comte de Rochambeau
- British surrounded & trapped the ____________ warships.
- Washington changed his planned to attack British troops in _________. Washington had to wait a _________ for another fleet of French ships to arrive.
- French

- 1780

- year
A. Change in Plans

1. General ___________ and British army was camped out in Yorktown.
1. Cornwallis
2. Washington changed his plans back to attack _________ b/c the French fleet was heading there instead of N.Y.
2. Chesapeake Bay
3. Washington's troops rushed in _________ to Yorktown without British troops knowing.
3. south
4. Three groups met at Yorktown

a. ____________ troops
b. ___________ & _____________ main American/French army
c. the French fleet under Admiral ___________
a. Lafayette's

b. Washington's & Rochambeau

c. DeGrass
B. The Siege of Yorktown
1. 14,000 American & French forces surrounded 7,500 British troops at Yorktown & blocked their escape by _________
2. ___________ & other British forces were in New York & could not help ___________
1. sea

2. Clinton
Cornwallis
C. Cornwallis' Defeat
1. Oct. 9, 1781 __________ & French began a tremendous fight

2. Oct. 19,1781- Cornwallis ____________ at the Battle of Yorktown
1. Americans

2. surrendered
II. Independence

- Battle of Yorktown convinced G.B. that the war was too ____________ to pursue.

- Both sides sent delegates to work out a ___________.
- costly

- treaty
A. Treaty of Paris

1. ____________, John Adams & __________- U.S. delegates to Paris

2. ____________ (approved)- Sept. 3, 1783
1. Ben Franklin, John Jay

2. Treaty of Paris
3. G. B. recognized U.S. as an _____________ country.

4. G.B. also made peace with __________ & Spain
3. independent

4. France
B. The Newburgh Conspiracy
1. American army _______________ in Newburgh, N.Y. after the peace treaty
2. ___________ were very unhappy b/c congress refused to fund their pensions. Fear of a _________ could threaten the new nation.
1. headquarters

2. soldiers
revolt
3. Washington helped solve this situation & ___________ met the demands of the soldiers
3. Congress
C. Washington's Farewell

1. _____________ - Washington bid farewell to his troops

2. He later resigned & retired from public life to _____________.
1. December 4,

2. Mount Vernon
D. Why the Americans Won

1. They fought on their own __________.
2. Learned that British relied on the ________ & could cut off ___________.
1. land

2. sea
supplies
3. British could succeed in capturing ________ but they could not control the _____________.
3. cities
countryside
4. Americans knew the terrain
- ___________: a surprise attack
4. ambush
5. Strong allies- ____________ & ___________
- Spanish aided Patriots by attacking the British in the ____________ Valley & along the Gulf of __________.
5.

Mississippi
Mexico
6. Most important: the American Revolution was a _________ movement
- the determination & spirit of all Patriots
6. people
E. The Influence of the American Revolution

1. ____________ Revolution and Saint Domingue ________ used ideas of America to fight for their freedom

***Anthony Wayne: Patriot Commander in Western Territories
1. French
Haiti