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25 Cards in this Set

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Natural resources
A useful material found in the environment.
Raw materials
Materials that must be changed before they can be used
Recyclable resources
A resource or material that cycles through natural processes in the environment
Renewable resources
A natural resource that the environment continues to supply or replaces it is used
Nonrenewable resources
A resource that cannot be replaced once it used
Top petroleum consumers
1. USA (26.1%) 2. Japan (7.4%) 3.China (5.8%)
Fossil fuels
Any one of several resources coal oil, created from remains of plants or animals
Top petroleum producers
1. USA (12.1%) 2. Saudi Arabia (11.5%) 3. Russia (8.5%)
OPEC
Organization of petroleum exporting countries
Stages of resources development
*1st level- use land resources directly to make products
*2nd level-when people
turn raw materials into
things they use
*3rd level-products are distributed to people who use them.
None
manufacturing
The process of turning raw materials into a finished product
Developed nations
A country with a modern industrial society and a well developed economy.
Developing nations
A country with a relatively low industrial production often lacking modern tech.
Commercial farming
Farming that is done by companies;’ commercial farms are large and use modern tech.; also, the raising of crops and livestock for sale in outside markets
Subsistence farming
Farming that provides only enough food and animals for the needs of a family or village
Plantations
A large estate, usually in a warm climate, on which crops are grown by workers living there; plantations usually raise a single crop for export
Foreign aid
Economic and military aid to another country
ecosystem
A community of living things and their environment; the elements of and ecosystem interact with each other
deforestation
The process of clearing land of forests or trees usually to make room for farms and homes
habitats
The area in which a plant or animal naturally grows or lives live
Acid rain
Rain whose high levels of chemicals can pollute or damage the environment; usually caused by pollutants from the burning of fossil fuels.
Ozone layers
The layer of gas in the upper part of the atmosphere that blocks out most of the suns harmful ultraviolet rays.
CFC
Chlorofluorocarbons
Global warming
A slow increase in earths temp. due to the increasing amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere; if there is too much carbon dioxide in the atmosphere more heat than normal is trapped and the temp around the world will increase.
recycle
To reuse material to make new products