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48 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Qing Dynasty
Last dynasty of China, took over after Ming, means "pure"
literally "northern capital"
literally "southern capital"
Opium War
r. 1661-1722
r. 1736-1799
"Chinese Turkestan," many rebellions sought to free this area
White Lotus Rebellion
sought to free Xinjiang, 1796-1804
Treaties of Nanjing
began the Unequal Treaties System, heavily benefitted West at expense of Chinese sovereignty
Boxer Crisis
1900, convinced that Christianty would end China, held foreigners hostage, Qing supported b/c Boxer supported them, foreigners invaded palaces and looted while supressing the Boxers
Ti/Yong Debates
how much Western culture China should embrace
ti: basis, fundamental, essence
yong: unity
Hong Xiuquan
led Taiping uprising imagined he was the younger brother of Christ and was meant to uverthrough the Manchus
Taiping uprising
Taiping=Great peace
embraced gender euality, refrain from sex b/c as brothers and sisters under God it was incest even when married
Pu Yi
Last Emperor
Sun Zhongshan
first provisional president of the Republic of China
Yuan Shikai
assumed power in 1912, overthrew Sun Zhongshan, millitary man
The Revolutionary Alliance
Sun Zhongshan's try to get power back
Xin Qingnian
"New Youth" journal that stated beliefs of students and teachers, New Culture movement 1915-1923
New Culture movement
1915-1923, new culture to replace Confucianism
May 4th activists
May 4, 1919, 3000 students went to capital to protest
Chinese Communist Party
May 30th movement
1925, man killed in labor dispute, protesting crowd was fired into
First United Front
Sun Zhongshan and CCP united
Nanjing period
Nationalist party controled most of China, 1927-1937
Jiang Jieshi
successor of Sun, started Nanjing period
Long March
1934-1935, CCP abandoned base in Jiangxi and made dangerous trek up mountain to escape from Jiang Jieshi
Xi'an incident
Jiang was kidnapped and forced to make an alliance w/ the CCP to be released, formed "Second United Front"
People's Liberation Army
"Red Army" Communist Army
National Day
October 1, 1949, when Communists officially took over China
Jiefang ribao
"Liberation Daily," vehicle of propogation after 1949
People's Republic of China
Mao Zedong
Leader of CCP after the Long March, leader of PRC
"New frontier" 1/6 of China's land, didn't become officially annexed til 1884
Yang Zengxin
1912 said was in charge of Xinjiang, assassinated in 1928
Jin Shuren
Took over after Yang Zengxin, tried to Sinicize(make like Chinese) the Muslims.
1933 tried unsuccessfully to break from Xinjiang and form the Eastern Turkistan Republic
Sheng Shicia
leader of the Nationalist troops in Xinjiang, only lasted til 1944
The New Marriage Law of 1950
Women no longer subordinate, arranged marriages discouraged,
Bandung conference
Asia-African relations between 3rd world countries that had fought off colonialism and imperialism
Zhou Enlai
Mao's right hand man, was pro finding solutions not involving USSR ties
Marshal Peng Dehuai
removed from office in 1959 b/c opposed the great leap forward
Jiang Qing
Actress before marrying Mao
Liu Shaoqi
Chairman of PRC 1959-1968
Hua Guofeng
ruled China nominally after Mao's death
Deng Xiaoping
Took over gradually from Hua Guofeng
Lin Biao
Heir apparent to Mao, 1969-1971, lost favor b/c he led the PLA and the army was becoming "too powerful"
Democracy wall
Workers posted criticisms of government
Wei Jingsheng
Electrician, best known Democracy Wall author