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44 Cards in this Set

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PREJUDICE
NEGATIVE ATTITUDES HELD ABOUT CERTAIN RACIAL OR ETHNIC GROUP. THINKING ILL OF OTHERS WITHOUT SUFFICIENT WARRANT.
STEREOTYPE
A GENERALIZED BELIEF ABOUT MEMBERS OF A CERTAIN GROUP THAT IGNORES THE DISTINCT TRAITS OF INDIVIDUAL MEMBERS OF THE GROUP.
IN-GROUP
A GROUP TO WHICH AN INDIVIDUAL FEELS HE OR SHE BELONGS.
OUT-GROUP
A GROUP TO WHICH AN INDIVIDUAL DOES NOT BELONG
ETHNOCENTRISM
THE VIEW OF THINGS IN WHICH ONE'S OWN GROUP IS THE CENTER OF EVERYTHING, AND ALL OTHERS ARE SCALED AND RATED WITH REFERENCE TO IT.
PREJUCE HAS THREE DISTINCT DIMENSIONS...
1) COGNITIVE PREJUDICE (BELIEFS ABOUT A GROUP)
2)AFFECTIVE PREJUDICE (FEELINGS ABOUT A GROUP)
3)CONATIVE PREJUDICE (BEHAVIORAL TENDENCIES TOWARD A GROUP).
AUTHORITARIAN PERSONALITY
A SET OF PERSONALITY TRAITS LINKED TO BIAS AGAINST MEMBERS OF OUT-GROUPS. TENDED TO RIGIDLY ADHERE TO CONVENTIONAL VALUES, ACCEPT AUTHORITY FIGURES, REGARD WEAK PEOPLE NEGATIVELY, AND TO THINK IN STEREOTYPICAL WAYS.
REALISTIC CONFLICT THEORY
A THEORY THAT PREJUDICE IS A CONSEQUENCE OF GROUPS' COMPETITION FOR SCARCE RESOURCES AND POWER.
GROUP POSITION MODEL
A THEORY THAT PREJUDICE INVOLVES THE CLASSIFICATION OF PEOPLE INTO RACIAL CATEGORIES.
SOCIAL DOMINANCE ORIENTATION
A PSYCHOLOGICAL COMPONENT IN SOCIAL DISONANCE THEORY THAT REFLECTS THE INFLUENCE OF ONE'S GROUP STATUS, GENDER, SOCIALIZATION, AND TEMPERMENT
ILLUSORY CORRELATION
THE PERCEPTION OF A LINK BETWEN TWO VARIABLES WHEN IN FACT NO RELATIONSHIP EXISTS
SELF FULFILLING PROPHECY
A FALSE DEFINITION OF A SITUATION THAT CONTRIBUTES TO AN EXPECTED OUTCOME BY INFLUENCING THE BEHAVIOR OF THE INDIVIDUALS INVOLVED.
ULTIMATE ATTRIBUTION ERROR
THE TENDENCY TO IGNORE SITUATIONAL EXPLANATIONS FOR BEHAVIOR OF MEMBERS OF A PARTICULAR GROUP AND TO FOCUS INSTEAD ON DISPOSITIONAL TRAITS THAT CHARACTERIZE ALL MEMEBERS OF THE PARTICULAR GROUP.
DISPLACED AGGRESSION (ALSO CALLED SCAPEGOATING)
BLAMING PEOPLE EVEN THOUGH IT IS NOT THEIR FAULT. DIRECTING AGGRESSION TOWARD A SAFE TARGET RATHER THAN THE REAL SOURCE.
RELATIVE DEPRIVATION
THE PERCEPTION THAT ONE'S CONDITION IS WORSE THAN THAT OF OTHERS, WHO SERVE A BASIS FOR COMPARISON.
SOCIAL DOMINANCE THEORY
FOCUSES ON THE RELATIVE STATUS POSITIONS OF DIFFERENT GROUPS IN SOCIETY. DOMINANT GROUPS SIT AT TOP OF HIERARCHY TAKE LARGE SHARE OF RESOURCES. AGGREGATED INDIVIDUAL (EVERYDAY DISCRIMINATION, INSTITIONAL (RULES AND PROCEDURES IN PUBLIC LIFE AND BEHAVIORAL ASSYMMETRY KEEP THIS FORM OF PREJUDICE ALIVE
GROUP BASED SOCIAL HIERARCHY
A HIERARCHY THAT IS DEFINED BY THE SOCIAL POWER, PRESTIGE, AND PRIVELEDGE POSESSED BY INDIVIDUALS BY VIRTUE OF THEIR ASCRIBED MEMBERSHIPS IN PARTICULAR GROUPS
IN-GROUP BIAS
THE TENDENCY TO VIEW ONE'S OWN GROUP AS SUPERIOR TO OTHER GROUPS, WHICH ARE JUDGED ACCORDING TO IN-GROUP STANDARDS
OUT-GROUP FAVORITISM
A FORM OF OF DEFERENCE THAT OPERATES WHEN SUBORDINATE GROUP MEMBERS FAVOR MEMBERS OF THE DOMINANT GROUP OVER THEIR OWN.
SELF-DEBILITATION
THE SELF-DESTRUCTIVE BEHAVIOR OF SUBORDINATE GROUP MEMBERS, WHOSE RESPONSE TO NEGATIVE STEREOTYPES RESULTS IN A SELF-FULFILLING PROPHECY
LEGITIMIZING MYTHS
ATTITUDES, VALUES, BELIEFS, STEREOTYPES, AND IDEOLOGIES THAT JUSTIFY THE SOCIAL PRACTICES OF A PARTICULAR SOCIAL SYSTEM
SOCIAL IDENTITY
THE PART OF AN INDIVIDUAL'S SELF-CONCEPT THAT IS DERIVED FROM AN AWARENESS OF ONE'S MEMBERSHIP IN A PARTICULAR SOCIAL GROUP AND INFLUENCES SELF-ESTEEM
OUT-GROUP HOMOGENEITY BIAS
THE TENDENCY TO MINIMIZE THE DIFFERENCES AMONG MEMBERS OF OTHER GROUPS
SOCIAL INDENTITY THEORY
(TAJFEL & TURNER) THE THEORY THAT AN INDIVIDUAL'S SELF ESTEEM CAN BE REINFORCED BY IDENTIFICATION WITH AN IN-GROUP WHEN THE INDIVIDUAL BELIEVES THAT THE IN-GROUP IS SUPERIOR TO OTHER GROUPS (OUTGROUPS. OWN RACE BIAS
CONTACT THEORY
THE THEORY THAT CONTACT BETWEEN MEMBERS OF DIFFERENT GROUPS CAN REDUCE PREJUDICE WHEN THEY HAVE EQUAL STATUS, INTIMATE CONTACT, INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT, AND COOPERATIVE INTERDEPENDENCE
JIGSAW CLASSROOM
A STRATEGY FOR REDUCING PREJUDICE IN SCHOOLS THAT INVOLVES THE COOPERATIVE LEARNING OF SMALL GROUPS OF RACIALLY MIXED STUDENTS.
3 MAIN ASSUMPTIONS OF SOCIAL IDENTITY THEORY
1) PEOPLE SORT THE SOCIAL WORLD INTO CATEGORIES, IN-GROUPS AND OUT-GROUPS.
2) MEMBERSHIP IN A PARTICULAR GROUP PROVIDES PEOPLE WITH A SOCIAL IDENTITY, WHICH PROVIDES A SENSE OF SELF ESTEEM
3) A PERSON'S SELF ESTEEM, WHICH IS TIED TO MEMBERSHIP IN A PARTICULAR GROUP, CAN BE BOOSTED BY IDENTIFICATION WITH THE IN-GROUP.
PROJECTION
PROCESS THAT ALLOWS INDIVIDUALS TO ELIMINATE THEIR OWN UNDESIRABLE TRAITS BY CRITICIZING OTHERS FOR POSSESSING THEM.
GROUP POSITION MODEL
A THEORY THAT PREJUDICE INVOLVES THE CLASSIFICATION OF PEOPLE INTO RACIAL CATEGORIES
BLUMERS IN-GROUP SENSE OF POSITION INVOLVES 4 ELEMENTS
1) GROUP IDENTITY (ETHNOCENTRISM)
2) OUT-GROUP STEREOTYPING - OUTGROUP MEMBERS ARE ALIEN AND DIFFERENT
3) PREFERRED GROUP STATUS - A SENSE OF ENTITLEMENT
4) PERCEIVED THREAT - FEAR THAT OUT-GROUP MEMBERS WANT A SHARE OF WHAT THEY HAVE
ASSUMED SIMILARITY EFFECT
PEOPLE SEE GREATER SIMILARITIES AMONG MEMBERS OF THEIR OWN GROUP AND GREATER DIFFERENCES WITH MEMBERS OF OTHER GROUPS
IDEOLOGICAL ASYMMETRY
REFERS TO A MORE SUBTLE KIND OF INFLUENCE THAT OPERATES THROUGH LEGITIMIZING IDEOLOGIES THAT SERVE TO EITHER REINFORCE OR WEAKEN THE SOCIAL HIERARCHY
HOMOGENEITY BIAS
EVERYONE WHO IS A MEMBER OF AN OUTGROUP ARE INDISTINGUISHABLE FROM ONE ANOTHER
POSSIBLE RESPONSES TO THE PHRASE OR WORD

BUENAS TARDES
MUY BUENAS

MUY BUENAS TARDES
POSSIBLE RESPONSE TO THE PHRASE OR WORD

ADIOS
HASTA LUEGO

HASTA MANANA
POSSIBLE RESPONSE TO THE PHRASE OR WORD

QUE TAL?
BIEN

MUY BIEN

REGULAR

GRACIAS Y TU
POSSIBLE RESPONSE TO THE PHRASE OR WORD

HOLA
QUE TAL
POSSIBLE RESPONSE TO THE PHRASE OR WORD

COMO ESTA
BIEN

MUY BIEN, GRACIAS

Y USTED
POSSIBLE RESPONSE TO THE PHRASE OR WORD

BUENAS NOCHES
MUY BUENAS

ADIOS

HASTA MANANA
POSSIBLE RESPONSE TO THE PHRASE OR WORD

MUCHAS GRACIAS
DE NADA

NO HAY DE QUE
POSSIBLE RESPONSE TO THE PHRASE OR WORD

HASTA MANANA
HASTA LUEGO

ADIOS
POSSIBLE RESPONSE TO THE PHRASE OR WORD

COMO SE LLAMA USTED
ME HAMEL ...
POSSIBLE RESPONSE TO THE PHRASE OR WORD

MUCHO GUSTO
ENCANTADO/A

IGUALMENTE
POSSIBLE RESPONSE TO THE PHRASE OR WORD

DE DONDE ERES

DE DONDES ERES
SO DE ....