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9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Sociology Vs. Social Psychology
-boundary
-S.Psych focuses more on people with methods that more often use experimentation
Social Psychology vs. Personality Psychology
-Social Psych focuses less on differences among individuals
-more on how individuals in general view and affect one another
Correlational Research: Pro's and Con's
Detecting Natural Associations
-Pros: involves important variables in natural settings
-Cons: Ambiguous interpretation of cause and effect
Experimental Research: Pro's and Con's
Searching for Cause and Effect
Pros: You can manipulate variables to better determine cause and effect
Cons: Not natural setting
Individualistic
Identity is self-contained
Collectivistic
Nurture inter-dependent self
Wilson and Gilberts (2003) Study and Findings
Study: People mispredict how they would feel some time after an event
-Affective Forcasting
-Impact Bias
-Miswant
-Immune Neglect
Baumeister and Exline’s (2000)
-self's action capacity has limits
-people who exert self control (diet, exercise) quit faster when given unsolvable puzzles
Self-control operates similarly to muscles
-effortful self control depletes our limited willpower reserves
Baumister (1996)
• The Dark Side of Self-Esteem
• “the enthusiastic claims of the self-esteem movement mostly range from fantasy to hogwash,” …who says he has “probably published more studies on self-esteem than anybody else…the effects of self-esteem are small, limited, and not all good.”
• People with high self-esteem are more likely to be obnoxious, to interrupt, and to talk at people rather than with them (in contrast to the more shy, modest, self-effacing folks with low self-esteem)
•“self-control is worth 10 times as much as self-esteem