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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
health psychology
the study of physical health and illness by psychologists from various areas of specialization
an unpleasan state of arousal in which people perceive the demands of an event as taxing or exceeding their ability to satisfy or alter those demands
the process by which people make judgments about the demands of potentially stressful eveents and their ability to meet those demands
efforts to reduce stress
anything that causes stress
posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
a condition in which a person experiences enduring physical and psychological symptoms after an extremely stressful event
general adaptation syndrome
a three-stage process (alarm, resistance, exhaustion) by which the body responds to stress
Type A behavior pattern
a pattern of behavior characterized by extremes of competitive striving for achievement, a sense of time urgency, hostility, and aggression
immune system
a biological surveillance system that detects and destroys "nonself" substances that invade the body
psychoneuroimmunology (PNI)
a subfield of psychology that examines the links among psychological factors, the brain and nervous system, and the immune system
learned helplessness
a phenomenon in which experience with an uncontrollable event creates passive behavior toward a subsequent threat to well-being
depressive explanatory style
a habitual tendency to attribute negative events to cuases that are stable, global, and internal
a person's beliefs that he or she is capable of the specific behavior required to produce a desired outcome in a given situation
placebo effect
the tendency for an ineffectual drug or treatment to improve a patient's condition because he or she believes in its effectiveness
problem-focused coping
cognitive and behavioral efforts to alter a stressful situation
emotion-focused coping
cognitive and behavioral efforts to reduce the distress produced by a stressful situation
proactive coping
up-front efforts to ward off or modify the onset of a stressful event
social support
the helpful coping resrouces provided by friends and other people
subjective well-being
one's happiness, or life satisfaction, as measured by self-report