Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/28

Click to flip

28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Social Class
A large group of people who rank close to one another in wealth, power and prestige
Social class
One of 2 groups- capitalists who own the means of production, or workers who sell their labor
Wealth
property and income
wealth is everything that you have accumulated

income is what you earn
What is the difference btwn wealth and income?
Distribution of wealth-
the wealthiest 1% of U.S. families are worth more than the entire bottom 90%
Distribution of income-
the top 20% of the population receive almost ½ of all income in the U.S.
power
the ability to get your way
prestige
respect or regard
social class
2 class system
(MARX)
Membership based solely on a person’s relationships to the means of production
capitalists
workers
Capitalists
Petty bourgeoisie
Managers
Workers
What are the 4 classes of social class? (MARX)
Weber's 6 social class model
Capitalist (1%- super rich)
Upper middle class (15%- professionals)
Lower middle class (34%- lower managers)
Working class (30%- supervised)
Working poor (16%- unskilled)
Underclass (4%- poverty)
Physical health
The lower a person’s social class, the more likely that person is to die before the expected age (b/c of lifestyle and medical care)
Mental health
Greater mental problems are part of the stress that goes along w/ poverty
Physical health
Mental health
Family life
Education
Religion
Politics
Social mobility
What are the consequences of social classes?
Family life
Choice of spouse- capitalist class values family tradition
Divorce- children of poor more likely grow up in single parent homes
Child rearing- lower vs. middle class
Choice of spouse-
capitalist class values family tradition
Divorce-
children of poor more likely grow up in single parent homes
Education
__________ goes up as social class goes up
Parent expectations
Religion
Lower class vs. middle/upper class in worship
Politics
Upper class= Republican
Lower class= Democrat
Social mobility
Intergenerational mobility (up or down)
Structural mobility
Poverty
Lacking resources to meet basic needs
The poverty line (same all over country)
Who is poor?
About 13% of U.S. pop. is poor
40% of poor are under 18
10% of poor are over 65
11% of whites are poor, 26% of blacks/Latinos, 13% of Asians
Feminization of poverty
Single mothers average less than 2/3 the income of single fathers
Children in poverty
For women above poverty line, only 6% of births are to single women
For women below poverty line, 44% of births are to single women
Childhood poverty
more likely die in infancy, go hungry, develop more slowly, more health problems, drop out of school
Why there are people living in poverty
Social structure- features of society deny some people access to educ. or learning job skills
Characteristics of individuals- blame the indiv.
Welfare reform
poverty line decides if you get welfare or not
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act
it put a cap on welfare

only 5 years of coverage over a lifetime

have to look for work

document that you are working

have to take available jobs.