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29 Cards in this Set

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Agricultural potential
how suitable the land is for agricultural purposes
Amerindians
native group who live throughout North and South America
Birth Rate
number of babies born for every thousand people in a country
Captaincy
: the name given to the thin plots of land given by the Portuguese government when they divided Brazil between the rich Portuguese families
Cash Crops
Agricultural crops which are sold to other countries for large amounts of money
Cerrado
: vegetation of the Center West region of Brazil; combination of trees and grasslands; also called savanna
Clear- cut Logging
the destruction of a large amount of unneeded trees for the gain of a few desired trees
Congress
elected representatives from throughout Brazil. Congress serves the same function as the House of Representatives in the U.S. and the House of Commons in Canada
Cruzados
Brazilian money
Death Rate
number of deaths for every thousand people in a country
Deforestation
the clearing of forests
Diversified Economy
: economy based upon many agricultural products, raw materials and manufactured goods to trade
Donatory system
: the granting of large areas of Brazil to individuals
Economic Boom
: a time period when resources are in high demand
Export
: goods sold to other countries
Favela
an area of very poor housing
Greenhouse Effect
gases in the earth’s atmosphere act like the glass roof of a greenhouse to warm the earth’s surface
Imports
brought into a country from other countries
Migration
people moving from one place to settle in another
Multinational
a corporation (a company) that has headquarters in one country and branch plants in other countries
Reserves
large areas of land that are for the exclusive use of Indians
Poverty-stricken
: very poor
Rubber Barons
Individuals who become extremely wealthy from the rubber trade
Sanitation services
disposal of sewage and refuse from homes
Satellite cities
towns or small cities on the outskirts of a large city
Slash-and Burn agriculture
also called Shifting Agriculture; involves cutting and burning trees
Tordesilla:
Treaty of Tordesilla (1494); prepared by the Pope to divide newly discovered lands between Spain and Portugal
Vulcanization
process which makes natural rubber more stable over a larger range of temperatures
World Bank
Officially called the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, it’s loosely attached to the United Nations. The World Bank provides loans and technical assistance for economic development projects in developing countries.