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48 Cards in this Set

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Absolute Location
Where a place is geographically, using latitude and longitude
Exact
Relative Location
Where a place is in relation to other places
Down the street and left at the stop sign...
Interaction of People and Places
Relationships between people and their environment is called interactions. People are constantly interacting with their environment to meet their basic needs.
relationships
Parallels of Latitude
An imaginary line which goes around the Earth parallel to the Equator
up and down
Meridians of Longitude
An imaginary line which passes through the North and South Poles and goes around the Earth. It measures the distance east or west of the Prime Meridian.
Side to side
Prime Meridian
meridian of 0° longitude from which other longitudes are calculated
Cartographer
A person who makes maps
Map Projection
A realistic way of drawing the features of the globe on a flat map
Mollweide Projection
A type of equal area map projection that uses curved lines of longitude to reduce the distortion of the earth’s surface.
Distortion
The amount that an actual shape is twisted or pulled out of shape.
Landsat Map:
mosaic of image taken from earth orbit by a Landsat satellite.
Mosaic
A combination of separate images which are put together to form a complete image of a large area.
Environment
The surrounding conditions or forces that influence or modify the whole complex of factors (as soil, climate, and living things) that influence the form and the ability to survive of a plant or animal or ecological community.
Human Geography
A study of the characteristics of the environment.
Thickness of Earth’s Crust
core which is approximately 7000 kilometres in diameter (3500 kilometres in radius) and is located at the Earth's center. The mantle surrounds the core and has a thickness of 2900 kilometres. The crust floats on top of the mantle. It is composed of basalt rich oceanic crust and granitic rich continental crust.
Magma
: molten rock material within the earth
Sedimentary Rock
Rock formed by deposition; layers of sediment are deposited and compressed over time.
Five Major Landforms
: Mountains, Plateaus, Hills, Plains, and Valleys
Moraines
A large deposit of rock and mud dropped by a glacier when it melts and recedes
Drumlins
: a long or oval hill of material left by a glacier
Absolute Location
Where a place is geographically, using latitude and longitude
Exact
Relative Location
Where a place is in relation to other places
Down the street and left at the stop sign...
Interaction of People and Places
Relationships between people and their environment is called interactions. People are constantly interacting with their environment to meet their basic needs.
relationships
Parallels of Latitude
An imaginary line which goes around the Earth parallel to the Equator
up and down
Meridians of Longitude
An imaginary line which passes through the North and South Poles and goes around the Earth. It measures the distance east or west of the Prime Meridian.
Side to side
Estuaries
passage where the tide meets a river current; especially an arm of the sea at the lower end of a river.
Deltas
The triangular or fan-shaped piece of land made by deposits of mud and sand at the mouth of a river
Flood Plains
: Land form when silt settles out after a river floods
Leaching
To wash away nutrients from soil as the result of heavy rain.
Four Major Soil Types
: Sandy, Clay, Loam, and Silty
Jet Stream
A very high air current that usually travels from west to east at speeds of more than 350km/hr
Deciduous
Trees which lose there leaves in winter, e.g. oak, birch, popular
Coniferous
Trees that are cone bearing and generally keep their leaves or needles through winter, e.g. pine, fir, cedar.
Population Density
How the population of a region, country, etc… is spread out.
4 Types of Industries
: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, and Quaternary
5 Types of Physical Regions
Geological, Vegetation, Soil, Climatic, and Landforms
5 Types of Human Regions
: Population Density, Economic, Time Zone, Cultural, and Political
Plate Tectonics
A theory based on the belief that the continents were once joined and then slowly drifted apart.
Erosion
A natural processes, including weathering, dissolution, abrasion, corrosion, and transportation, by which material is worn away from the earth's surface.
Eskers
A winding ridge of sand, gravel, and small rocks, believed to be deposited by a glacial melt water stream.
Silt
Fine soil or sand carried by rivers and deposited near oceans or lakes
Deposition
In geography, laying down layers of eroded material that has been transported by water, wind or gravity
Temperature Inversion
A weather condition that occurs when a layer of high warm air traps a layer of lower cooler air.
Themes of Geography
Location, Place, Movement, Regions and Interaction
Prime Meridian
The first meridian (0o Longitude) which passes through the Greenwich Observatory Center in London, England.
Equator
An imaginary line around the earth's surface, equidistant from the poles and perpendicular to the earth's axis of rotation. It divides the earth into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.
Weather
The earth’s atmospheric conditions at a designed place and time.
Climate
The description of average weather patterns over a number of years