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18 Cards in this Set

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the process by which an individual becomes a member of a particular culture and takes on its values, beliefs, and other behaviors in order to function within it.
socialization
A child sleeping with the parent
co-sleeping
the period extending from the end of infancy, about one and a half to two years of age, to just before the beginning of adolescence, typically about the age of eleven or twelve
childhood
type of learning generally picked up by means of observation and imitation
informal learning
set apart from the context of everyday life and is typically carried out in the institution we know as school
formal learning
ceremonies or rituals that recognize or symbolize an individual's movement from one status to another
rites of passage
self-definition as a separate individual in terms of roles, attitudes, beliefs, and values
identity
Vision Quest
an experience common to many Native American tribes as a rite of passage for adolescent males
agents such as chemicals or diseases that can contribute to prenatal abnormalities
teratogens
abnormalities including unusually small head, low birth weight, facial deformities, neurological impairments, and signs of mental retardation
fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)
changes in an individual's size and body structure
physical development
simple, repetitive movements with or without an object
functional play
physically manipulate objects in order to construct or create something
constructive play
tendency to use one hand in preference to the other in writing and other activities
handedness
approximately ages four to eleven
middle childhood
body weight that is 20 percent or more over the recommended weight for one's age, gender, and body type
obesity
a period of biological transition between childhood and adulthood lasting approximately one to two years
puberty
process of biological change associated with normal aging
senescence