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38 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Bilateral (inheritance)
reckoned from both the mother's and father's side of the family.
Bilocal (referring to residence)
married couple lives with either the husband's or the wife's extended kin.
Biological Parenthood
parental relationships defined by insemination and the bearing and birthing of children.
Breadwinner Family
one income family where the children and one or more adults are economically dependent on one breadwinner.
Cohabitation
sharing a bedroom most nights for more than three months with an unrelated adult (i.e., by blood or marriage)
Composite Household
a number of nuclear families living together in a single household: can be polygamous, joint, or stem families.
Conjugal Family
a wife-husband family where marriage is central and which may or may not include children.
Cross-Cousin Marriage
marriage of the children of different sex siblings.
Economic Co-operation
patterns of sharing material resources within families on a daily and yearly basis.
Endogamy
the rule that people marry only within their socially defined groups.
Exogamy
the rule that people must marry outside of a defined group.
Extended Family
a family made up of a nuclear family plus other relatives.
Homogamy
the tendency to choose a spouse with similar social characteristics (e.g., age social class, religion, locale) to oneself.
Hypergamy
marriage to someone of a higher social status: e.g., In our culture, women often try to marry men who are older, taller, and with a better occupation/income than they have (or are) themselves.
Hypogamy
marriage to someone of a lower social status (which can be defined by age, income, or other status markers).
Incest Taboo
a social prohibition against sexual intercourse and marriage with designated others.
Joint Family
the family id defined by 2 or more adult siblings living together or nearby, along with their wives/husbands and children.
Kin
people who are related either by birth or by marriage, including (in some cultures) fictive kin.
Kinship
relationship among people on the basis of descent from common ancestors, or marriage, or adoption.
Matriarchy
the dominance and power of women over men in the family and in other social institutions.
Matrilineal
a descent system in which a person belongs to his mother's line of descent.
Matrilocal
residence of a newly married couple to live with the wife's extended kin.
Monogamy
the rule limiting each person to only one spouse at a time.
Neolocal
residence of a newly married couple is separate from either of their families of origin.
Nuclear Family
a two generation family that includes parent(s) and children
Parallel Cousin Marriage
marriage of the children of same-sex siblings
Patriarchy
the socially legitimated use of power by a father over other members of his household and the dominance of men over women within society.
Patrilineal
a descent system where a persons belongs to this father's line of descent
Patrilocal
married couple lives with the husband's extended kin.
Polyandry
the marriage of one woman to more than one husband.
Polygamy
a family in which one man or one woman is married to more than one wives or husbands.
Polygyny
the marriage of one man to more than one wife.
Procreation
usually referring to child-bearing and adoption rules and rituals.
Social Institution
a well-established pattern of social relationships that is accepted as a fundamental part of society (e.g., the family).
Social Parenthood
parenthood based on the act of "raising" a child.
Social Reproduction
the work and activities necessary to the maintenance of family life, including child-rearing, domestic work, emotional counselling, nursing the sick, maintaining family/kin networks, "being there", et cetera.
Socialization
lifelong learning of cultural norms (for behaviour, attitudes, values), and of how to perform a particular social role and how to interact with others. Socialization does not refer to social interaction alone!
Stem Family
aging parents plus one adult child and her or his family of procreation.