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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
New Jersey Plan
Equal Representation

Proposed by William Paterson
Virginia Plan
Proportional Representation

Proposed by James Madison and Edmund Randolph
Great Compromise
Equal & Proportional Representation
House & Senate

Proposed by Roger Sherman
Legislative Branch
Headed by Congress
makes laws, impeaches officials
Executive Branch
Headed by President
Vetoes laws, enforces laws
Judicial Branch
Headed by Supreme Court
Declares laws constitutional or unconstitutional
Judicial Review
power of the Supreme Court to decide whether the acts of a President or law passed by Congress is constitutional.
Federalism
a principle of the United States Constitution that establishes the division of power between the federal government and the states.
Trail of Tears
forced journey of the Cherokee Indians from Georgia to a region west of the Mississippi during which thousands of Cherokees died.
Tariff of Abominations
A high tariff passed by congress in 1828 that favored manufacturing in the north
Alien & Sedition Acts
In 1798, Federalist-supported laws that permitted the President to expel foreigners made it harder for immigrants to become citizens to be fined or jailed if they criticized the government or its officials.
Louisiana
Thomas Jefferson bought it;
gained shiz loads of land for US
Merriweather Lewis and William Clark sent to explore it
Oregon Territory
Acquired through manifest destiny
Sectionalism
loyalty to a state or section rather than to a whole country
Missouri Compromise
by Henry Clay
Added Missouri as slave state, Main; free.