Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/20

Click to flip

20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
31. According to the textbook, among employed persons working full-time, the average woman earns
approximately ___ cents for every dollar earned by a man.
1. 76
2. 95
3. 45
4. 25
76
32. ___ is a system of social organization in which men have a disproportionate share of the power.
1. Patriarchy
2. Matriarchy
3. Patrimonialism
4. Geritocracy
1. Patriarchy
33. TRUE OR FALSE: According to the textbook, gender roles are sets of cultural expectations that define the
ways in which the members of each sex should behave.
1. TRUE
2. FALSE
1. TRUE
34. According to the presentation in the textbook, both the cultural transmission theory and the cognitive
developmental theory of gender identity argue that gender identity acquisition:
1. is part of an innate, biological process.
2. begins only after children start school and become part of gendered social structures.
3. is learned.
4. unfolds least problematically in families with both biological parents.
3. is learned.
35. According to the textbook, ___ is an arrangement that consists of people who exercise an effective
monopoly by the use of physical coercion within a given territory.
1. a political party
2. the military
3. the police
4. the state
4. the state
36. According to the text, the functional perspective argues that the four primary functions of the state are:
planning and direction, enforcement of norms, protection from other societies, and ____.
1. setting prices and wages
2. ensuring political equality among citizens
3. arbitration of conflicting interests
4. regulating the market economy
3. arbitration of conflicting interests
37. According to the textbook, medieval kings and queens in Europe who ruled in the name of “divine right”
were exercising ____ authority.
1. legal-rational
2. charismatic
3. theocratic
4. traditional
4. traditional
38. According to the textbook, a(an) ____ society typically has a monolithic political party, a compelling
ideology, and pervasive social control.
1. totalitarian
2. authoritarian
3. democratic
4. charismatic
1. totalitarian
39. TRUE OR FALSE: The annual income from sales of the largest multinational corporations exceeds the
gross national product of most countries in which they do business. About half of the largest economic
units in the world are not nations, but are multinational corporations.
1. TRUE
2. FALSE
1. TRUE
40. TRUE or FALSE: According to a study discussed in the textbook, increases in the value of a company’s
stock tend to result in increases in compensation (i.e. pay) of Chief Executive Officers (CEOs), but this
only happens if the increase in the stock prices are due to CEOs’ performance.
1. TRUE
2. FALSE
2. FALSE
41. In his article, "Authenticity and Hip Hop: Is It Essential to be Black?" author Kwame Harrison argues
underground hip hop stakes its claim to authenticity around racially inclusive sentiments of 1) _____, 2) hip
hop nostalgia, and 3) performative sincerity.
1. appreciation for African American culture
2. traditional vocalizations
3. neighborhood solidarity
4. anti-corporate ideology
4. anti-corporate ideology
42 TRUE OR FALSE: According to the Paula England reading on gender inequality, married women share
the same risk for economic losses following divorce that married men do.
1. TRUE
2. FALSE
2. FALSE
43. According to the reading by Mark R. Rank on poverty and welfare, in the U.S., at some time during their
lifetimes, most people:
1. will neither experience poverty nor receive welfare.
2. will experience poverty, but will not receive welfare.
3. will not experience poverty, but will find a way to receive some sort of welfare payments.
4. will experience poverty and will receive welfare payments
4. will experience poverty and will receive welfare payments
44. TRUE or FALSE. According to the reading by Paul Burstein on lobbying, lobbyists are more effective in
influencing the votes in congress than are political parties, political ideology, and public opinion taken
together.
1. TRUE
2. FALSE
2. FALSE
45. If we compare the mental health of unmarried people who have sexual experiences to the mental health of
those who have no sexual experiences (making comparisons WITHIN gender categories), we find the
following: among men, those who have sexual experiences ___ and among women, those who have sexual
experiences ___.
1. have worse mental health, / have better mental health
2. have better mental health, / have worse mental health
3. have better mental health, / have better mental health
4. have worse mental health, / have worse mental health
4. have worse mental health, / have worse mental health
46. According to data presented in class, which of the following is LEAST likely to be the perpetrator in a
rape?
1. a boyfriend of the victim
2. someone the victim is in love with
3. a stranger to the victim
4. a classmate of the victim
3. a stranger to the victim
47. Data presented in class on women’s and men’s inflation adjusted wages over time show that since the
1970s, men’s wages have ____, while women’s wages have _____.
1. increased / remained the same
2. remained much the same / remained much the same
3. increased / decreased slightly
4. remained much the same / increased
4. remained much the same / increased
48. One way of defining power includes the idea that the basic mechanism of power is dependency, and that
the power of A over B is equal to and varies with the dependency of B upon A. According to this
framework, power may be seen as:
1. an ability that A has.
2. an attribute of a social relation.
3. a individual capacity that A possesses.
4. as an indirect influence.
2. an attribute of a social relation.
49. According to the lecture, authority:
1. always includes both legitimate and illegitimate elements.
2. works most effectively outside institutional and organizational contexts.
3. is legitimate, institutionalized, power.
4. is intended as a method of promoting stability in organizations, but it is usually ineffective.
3. is legitimate, institutionalized, power.
50 TRUE or FALSE: According to the elitist perspective on power, elite elements and truly democratic
elements cycle through the government. One group holds power until it becomes weakened, and then the
other group takes over. This cycle reoccurs over and over until the electorate learns the true nature of the
elites, and real democracy finds a permanent place in the government.
1. TRUE
2. FALSE
2. FALSE