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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
36. TRUE or FALSE: According to the textbook, values are linked to norms such that the norms that follow from, or are implied by, a specific value are always consistent and compatible with one another.
1. TRUE
2. FALSE
2. FALSE
37. In his article in READINGS IN SOCIOLOGY, Charles Perrow, states that _____ is a "social tool that legitimized control of the many by the few, despite the formal apparatus of democracy."
1. socialism
2. fascism
3. bureaucracy
4. oligarchy
3. bureaucracy
38. According to the text, the sensorimotor stage, the preoperational stage, the concrete operational stage, and the formal operations stage are stages of:
1. Erikson's theory of development
2. Social Learning Theory
3. Piaget's Cognitive Development Theory
4. Symbolic Interactionism
3. Piaget's Cognitive Development Theory
39. According to the text, the family, peers, schools, and the mass media are each important________.
1. subcultures
2. expressive symbols
3. agents of socialization
4. countercultures
3. agents of socialization
40. The text states that William I. Thomas developed a concept that refers to the interpretation or meaning we give to our immediate circumstances. This concept is:
1. “the point of reference”
2. “the definition of the situation”
3. “the relativity of culture”
4. “life style”
2. “the definition of the situation”
41. According to the text, our ____ is a relatively temporary mental conception we have of ourselves, and our ___ is a more overriding view of ourselves, a sense of self that persists through time.
1. self-conception / self-image
2. self-image / self-conception
3. self-comparison / self-image
4. self-image / self-comparison
2. self-image / self-conception
42. “If we conclude from our observations that others respect us, we will probably have high self-esteem, but if we think that they look down upon and disparage us, our self esteem will probably be low.” This statement describes the ____ principle of self-esteem.
1. social comparison
2. self attribution
3. emotive
4. reflected appraisals
4. reflected appraisals
43. According to the Collins and Makowski article in READINGS IN SOCIOLOGY, the distinction between_____ is necessary to "uphold the ideal of intellectual objectivity in assessing theories."
1. hypothesis and concepts
2. roles and status
3. concepts and variables
4. facts and values
4. facts and values
44. According to the textbook, role loss is especially prevalent in which part of the life course?
1. young adulthood
2. middle adulthood
3. adolescence
4. late adulthood
4. late adulthood
45. For a student who is still in high school but who aspires to go to college, it is likely that a(n) ____ would be college students.
1. negative secondary group
2. primary group
3. positive reference group
4. ascribed status
3. positive reference group
46. According to the textbook, a two-person group is referred to as a:
1. duo
2. dyad
3. binad
4. pair
2. dyad
47. In the framework described in Erving Goffman’s article in READINGS IN SOCIOLOGY, when an individual appears before others, he or she projects a “definition of the situation,” and the others do the same. TRUE or FALSE: In order for social interaction to proceed, these definitions of the situation must involve a consensus resulting in each individual candidly expressing what he or she really feels.
1. TRUE
2. FALSE
2. FALSE
48. A dysfunction of bureaucracy that encourages members to rely on rules and regulations and to apply them in a mechanical fashion is:
1. Parkinson's law
2. the iron law of oligarchy
3. negotiated order
4. trained incapacity
4. trained incapacity
49. According to the textbook, when an organization becomes so large it needs to standardize and routinize operations in order to operate effectively, the organization can become the social structure known as:
1. society
2. institution
3. groupthink
4. bureaucracy
4. bureaucracy
50. TRUE or FALSE: According to the findings of an internet survey presented in the article by Peterson and Ryan in READINGS IN SOCIOLOGY, use of the internet to consume music has the effect of narrowing people’s tastes because they are able to focus primarily on those kinds of music they like best.
1. TRUE
2. FALSE
2. FALSE