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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
21. The idea that it is often in a person’s interest to control the conduct or behavior of others is a key part of which of the following?
1. Looking Glass Self
2. Impression Management
3. the Subjective "I"
4. the Objective "WE”
2. Impression Management
22. Which style of leadership is most likely to support high productivity and high satisfaction?
1. Authoritarian
2. Transformative
3. Democratic
4. Laissez-faire
3. Democratic
23. According to lecture, in the school classroom, the joke-cracking student is often the _____ leader, while the teacher is the _____ leader.
1. laissez-faire;authoritarian
2. laissez-faire;democratic
3. socio-emotional;task
4. secondary; primary
3. socio-emotional;task
24. According to Erving Goffman, people have agency and can influence their own self-concepts because:
1. they can choose how to behave, and thus how to present themselves before others
2. in reality people are individuals, and they are not really members of groups
3. a true individual is sincere in their self-presentations, not cynical
4. most people are members of efficacious and cohesive groups
1. they can choose how to behave, and thus how to present themselves before other
25. A primary group is most likely to include which of the following:
1. expressive relationships
2. public relationships
3. instrumental relationships
4. impersonal relationships
1. expressive relationships
26. Manifest functions are those that ___, while latent functions are those that ___.
1. are not recognized or intended / are recognized and intended
2. have consequences / have no consequences
3. are recognized and intended / are not recognized or intended
4. have consequences that can be measured / have consequences that cannot be measured
3. are recognized and intended / are not recognized or intended
27. According to the text, ____ask the question: “How it is that some groups acquire power, dominate other groups and effect their will in human affairs?”
1. Conflict Theorists
2. Functional Theorists
3. Libertarian Theorists
4. Symbolic Interactionists
1. Conflict Theorists
28. A concept that can take on different values, according to the text, is:
1. a correlation
2. a spurious correlation
3. a variable
4. an experiment
3. a variable
29. Four major techniques of data collection discussed in the textbook are:
1. selecting variables, hypothesis, validity evaluation, and analyzing results
2. experiments, constructing reality, selecting variables, and validity evaluation
3. experiments, surveys, observation, and archival research
4. experiments, observations, validity evaluation, and conclusions
3. experiments, surveys, observation, and archival research
30. According to the textbook, _____ is the study of large-scale and long-term social processes.
1. constructed reality
2. archival research
3. macrosociology
4. collecting data
3. macrosociology
31. According to the textbook, the ________________ states that people conceptualize the world differently depending on the nature of the concepts available in their language.
1. cultural integration hypothesis
2. the cultural universal hypothesis
3. the linguistic relativity hypothesis
4. the language acquisition hypothesis
3. the linguistic relativity hypothesis
32. The actual behavior of a person who occupies a status is a(n):
1. role set
2. master status
3. role performance
4. ascribed status
3. role performance
33. According to the textbook, two or more people who are bound together in relatively stable patterns of social interaction and who share a feeling of unity form a:
1. subculture
2. counterculture
3. group
4. culture
3. group
34. Categories of race, class, and gender are, according to the text:
1. ascribed statuses
2. achieved statuses
3. conflicting roles
4. strained roles
1. ascribed statuses
35. The text defines __________________________ as the principal social structures used to organize, direct, and execute the essential tasks of social living:
1. institutions
2. societies
3. groups
4. families
1. institutions