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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
According to lecture and readings, a good definition of sociology is: “the ______ study of social interaction and social organization.”

1. objective
2. theoretical
3. organized
4. scientific
4. scientific
According to the lecture, research and theory in which of the following disciplines is most likely to support the argument that young men make a rational choice to join college fraternities because such organizations provide collective goods that cannot be generated by individuals alone?
1. sociology
2. political science
3. economics
4. psychology
3. economics
3. TRUE or FALSE: According to the lecture and readings, illusions can play no part in maintaining social life because illusions are, by definition, false.
1. TRUE
2. FALSE
2. FALSE
4. _______ are ideas we use to organize our experience and to communicate that experience to others.
1. Variables
2. Roles
3. Correlations
4. Concepts
4. Concepts
5. According to lecture, the statement, "People who are religious tend to be in better mental health" indicates:
1. a negative correlation between being religious and having better mental health.
2. no scientific meaning because the statement contains no concepts.
3. a positive correlation between being religious and having better mental health.
4. no scientific meaning because the statement contains no variables.
3. a positive correlation between being religious and having better mental health.
6. According to lecture and readings, ___ coined the term "sociology."
1. Emile Durkheim
2. Max Weber
3. Karl Marx
4. Auguste Comte
4. Auguste Comte
7. According to lecture and readings, ___ was a proponent of Social Darwinism.
1. Herbert Spencer
2. Harriet Martineau
3. Max Weber
4. Karl Marx
1. Herbert Spencer
8. The concepts of "charisma", "the Protestant Ethic," and "lifestyle" were developed by:
1. Max Weber
2. Emile Durkheim
3. Charles Horton Cooley
4. Erving Goffman
1. Max Weber
9. Folkways, mores, and laws are types, or forms, of:
1. values
2. symbols
3. norms
4. language
3. norms
10. A baseball hat worn backwards is an example of a nonverbal:
1. norm
2. attitude
3. value
4. symbol
4. symbol
11. According to lecture, the negative and extreme consequences of ____ are genocide and/or ethnic cleansing.
1. cultural relativism
2. ethnocentrism
3. social structure
4. cultural universals
2. ethnocentrism
12. According to lecture, knowing how to play music, reading magazines that provide in-depth information about popular music, and listening to and knowing about the most important music groups and artists before they become part of mainstream popular music are ways of:
1. creating an ideal type
2. increasing one’s culture capital
3. increasing one’s ascribed status
4. being influenced by groupthink
2. increasing one’s culture capital
13. Applying the definition of “master status” provided in the lecture and readings, which of the following would not generally be a good example of "master status?”
1. gender status
2. friendship status
3. racial status
4. occupational status
2. friendship status
14. The text defines a ______ as a position within a group or society.
1. status
2. role
3. duty
4. norm
1. status
15. According to the lecture, because professors are expected both to evaluate students and to care about students, professors often experience:
1. role strain
2. role conflict
3. status conflict
4. performance gaps
1. role strain
16. According to the lecture, one argument in the _________ Perspective is that society has four interacting parts: the community, the economy, the polity and culture.
1. Conflict
2. Interactionist
3. Functionalist
4. Thomas
3. Functionalist
17. As discussed in lecture in response to a “Mail Box” question, nationalism is a type of:
1. attitude
2. government
3. social organization
4. ethnocentrism
4. ethnocentrism
18. The core process in Erving Goffman's “dramaturgical approach” is:
1. impression management
2. the generalized other
3. the subjective "I"
4. the "Looking Glass Self"
1. impression management
19. Charles Horton Cooley's theory of the "Looking Glass Self" has three phases:
1. appearance, behavior, and character
2. expressions, expressions given off, and the self as a dramatic effect
3. imagination of how one appears, imagination of how one is judged, and an emotional reaction to these
4. imagination of how one appears, an emotional reaction to that, and expressions given off
3. imagination of how one appears, imagination of how one is judged, and an emotional reaction to these
According to the lecture, one aspect of ____ suggests that people’s self-concepts are at least partly “colonized” by society because, through socialization, an abstract conceptualization of the expectations of the wider community becomes part of the self-concept.
1. Charles Horton Cooley's "Looking Glass Self"
2. George Herbert Mead's "Generalized Other"
3. Erving Goffman's "Dramaturgical Approach"
4. Max Weber's "The Protestant Ethic"
2. George Herbert Mead's "Generalized Other"