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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ethnic group
"A group whose members share a sense of togetherness and the conviction that they form a distinct group or "people"."
ethnic minority
"An ethnic group that suffers prejudice and discrimination at the hands of a larger dominant group."
"A group of people thought to have a common set of physical characteristics and a common ancestry."
"The tendency to view the norms and values of one's own culture as absolute and to use them as a standard against which to measure those of other cultures."
"A belief in the superiority of one racial group over another that leads to prejudice and discrimination."
"A social system in which one ethnic group holds power and uses it to keep other groups in a subculture posistion."
"The seperation of two or more racial or ethnic groups."
"A social system in which an individual's ethnic background is considered unimportant and people from different ethnic groups live in the same neigborhoods, attend the same schools, work in the same businesses, amd so on.
"A social system in which there are distinct and seperate ethnic groups that nonetheless maintain equal social, economic, and political relationships."
"A process by which a person takes on a new culture."
melting pot theory
"The belief that the different ethnic groups in a nation should learn from each other and merge together to create a single new culture."
salad bowl theory
"The belief that a society should encourage its ethnic groups to maintain their distinctive cultural characteristics."
white ethnics
"Americans of European descent who maintain a distinct ethnic identity."
"An unsupported negative attitude toward a group as a whole or toward an individual because he or she is a member of that group."
"An action that penalizes someone because of such characteristics as ethnic group, religion or gender."
authoritarian personality
"A person who is rigid and inflexible, has very low tolerance for uncertainty, and readily accepts orders from above."
"A person or group that is unjustly blamed for the problems of others."
ethnic stereotype
"The portrayal of all the members of a particular ethnic group as having similar fixed, usually unfavorable, traits."
contrast conceptions
"The strong negative stereotypes that ethnic groups often develop about each other."
institutional discrimination
"Discrimination against minority groups that is practiced by economic, educational, and political organizations rather than by individuals."
internal colonialism
"A theory of racism and discrimination which distinguishes between minorities who are "conquered people" and those who are not."
colonized minority
"A minority group that has aquired minority status through involuntary means, such as being captured and brought to the country or having their home territory annexed by another group."
immigrant minority
"A minority group that has aquired minority status through voluntary immigration."
civil rights movement
"The social movement in the United States that brought an end to the segregation system."
"A view of the world or an educational curriculum that takes an exclusively European perspective."
multicultural education
"Education that includes the perspectives and experiences of different ethnic groups."
reverse discrimination
"Discrimination against white males."
affirmative action
"A policy of positive effort to rectify the effects of past discrimination."
The Functionalist Perspective- Ethnic Minorities
-They believe that shared values and attitudes are the cement that holds a society together.
-The more disagreement there is over basic values, the more unstable and disorganized a society is likely to be.
-Ethnic discrimination is both a cause of contempoary social discrimination.
-The failure to give minorities full equality wastes valuable human resources and generates ethnic hostilities that reduce economic production and undermine political authority.
-They feel the best response to these problems is to reduce discrimination by recognizing our social institutions. Unity is objective, whether it is achieved through domination, pluralism, or intergration. Intergration is ideal.
-They ask for an attack on discrimination in housing, education, criminal justice, and elsewhere, arguing that an effective reform movement will increase support for "the system" among ethnic minorities while at the same time maintaining the allegiance of the majority.
The Conflict Perspective- Ethnic Minorities
-See our history as one of conflict and oppression.
-The history of all ethnic relations is the history of a struggle for power. When one group is more powerful than others, a system of domination develops in which the weaker groups are exploited for the political, social, and economic advantage of the dominant group. When power is more equally distributed, pluralism develops.
-Assert that ethnic equality can be achieved only through struggle. A group that has improved it's status is, by definition, a group that has seized more political and economic power.
-Argue that political change is often nessacary to bring out economic change.
-The key to increased power is organization for political action.
The Feminist Perspective- Ethnic Minorities
-Similarities among women and minorities in our society.
-Both groups have been put down in derogatory stereotypes, subject to widespread occupational discrimination, and often excluded from the mainstream of our cultural life.
-Share a common interest to protect the affirmative action programs.
-Call upon women and pro-feminist men to continue to educate people about the harm that ethnic and gender stereotyping causes and to encourage people to look closely at their own lives to discover and uproot stereotypes and prejudiced attitudes that have crept into their system of belief's during the socialization process.
The Interactionist Perspective- Ethnic Minorities
-Holds that individuals develop their concept of personal indentity from their interactions with the people around them. When members of a minority group are constantly insulted, demeaned, and harrassed, they are bound to be affected. Some internalize these feelings, resulting in low self-esteem and feelings of personal inadequacy.
-Their proposals fall into 2 catagories.
-First- based on the fact that whatever is learned can be unlearned. Included here are recommendations for more ethnic contact and communication and for direct attack on ethnic stereotypes in the media and in schools.
-Second- proposals that attempt to go to the roots of the problem by recommending long-term changes to reduce ethnic competition and conflict. Say that prejudices and discrimination will decrease as the fear of economic competition decreases.
-Grouping people into common catagories based on certain characteristics has caused enormous social problems.
-Best solution- to abandon those traditional attitudes and adopt the more scientifically supportable view that all people are members of a single human race.