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67 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Name and explain 4 types of Moms
*Deadbeat Mom
*Traditional Mom
*Career Mom
*Single Mom
When and in what ways to men and women become different from their parents?
1860- Industrial Revolution men became different from their fathers way of life; different because men now wanted to move to city and factories.
1960- She changes:she wants to be out of the home..wants to work.
At what percent do men feel that their share of domestic division labor is unfair?
36%
At what percent do women feel that their share of domestic division labor is unfair?
60%
What are the three types of Gender Ideology? Explain & what are the two levels?
1)Traditional-
2)Egalitarion-
3)Transitional

Two Levels= Shallow-contradicted
Deep-no contradiction
What is Gender Strategy?
Plan of Action and emotional preparness of pursing it.
Explain fractures in gender ideology. Differeniate between levels of and fractures in.
A conflict between gender ideology and other conditions.
What percent of teens are virgins?
1/3
What percent of teens are non-virgins?
2/3
Name three main types of virgins?
Inexperienced Virgins
Adamant Virgins
Potential Non Virgins
Three main types of Non-virgins?
*Engaged Non-Virgins
*Liberated Non-Virgins
*Confused Non-Virgins
How has the percent of non-virgins at marriage changed for 2 age Cohorts and by Gender?
Men= 20's=16.3% virgins
Men= 50's=21.9% virgins
Women=20's=20.1% virgins
Women=50's=54.5% virgins
Whos the least likely to have affairs? Whats the best predictor of extra marital sex? Attitudes favorable to extra marital sex are favored by?
Religious people;

Premarital sexual premiscuoius

Attitudes favorable: People who live in large cities, unhappily married, highest levels of education
Define Dating
A social appointment
Define Courting
To try to gain the favor of, to woo.
In the COlonial Era what was the purpose of courting? How were bachelors treated?
Courting was for marriage and bacherlors were harassed.
What role did love play in the courtship process? parents?
Love was formed after marriage.Determined who you courted...chaperoned
Explain Bundling.What percent of Brides were pregnant at their marriage at the colonial era?
Bundling was when men and women slept in the same bed with a bundling board betweent them so they could get to know each other. mostly on weekends. 30% of brides pregnant at marriage.
In what era did engagement and marriage customs come into practice?
1830's-1880's : engagement rings and white dresses
Explain how seperate spheres impacted the interaction between men and women.
The rich watched them in parlors.
What role did romantic love play in the courtship process during the 1830s-1880s?
Marriage, Fake ill, cancel date to see if spouse cared.
Explain the two key developments of the 1900-1940s.ROle of technology in the 1950s dating?
Romantic Love- individuals chose their mate.
Adolescense- Schooling are now male female, less formal interaction
what era set the precedent for "traditional" dating? Be familiar with schools and etiquette classes.
1950s schools taught kids how to date
What is going steady?
Wearing the ring and sweater, exclusiveness between the teens 17yrs old.
Five elements of Romantic Love?
1) Love at first sight
2) One true love for each person
3) Love conquers all
4)True love is absolutely perfect
5) We choose partner for love not practical reasons
How did power and gender in courtship and dating change from the 1800s to the 1950s?
1880s= more female dominated, determined when, where, who.
1950s= Male dominated, male decided.
1st date behavior best described as..
Men ask, men pay, and decide what to do.
Whats the typical courting period for people today
13-26 years
What percent of US adult population is currently married. Ever married?
57% of pop is currently married.

90% pop is ever married.
Three trends associated with median age at 1st marriage over time for men and women?
Women typically younger than men

Now people are closer in age
In 2003 how many family households were in a married couple structure?
76%
What are the 7 variables of 1st marriagers associated with liklihood to break up and more likely to succeed
*Family Structure
*Race
*Age
*Premarital Pregnancy
*Education
*Income
*Religion
Whats the myth about marital health?
"we never fight"
Happy marriages have what kind of dementions?
Both positive and Negative
What really matters for lasting marriages?
For every 5 good moments there should be one bad.
What are 4 types of happy marriages?
1) Validating
2)Conflict Habituated
3)Devitalized
4) Passive Congenial
WHat are three characteristics all happy marriages share?
1- deep friendship
2- love
3- Respect
What two characteristics are associated with the happiest marriages?
1- share the second shift
2- sharing marital work ethic
Descibe the marriage process
Start out unhappy--->become more happy or disatisifed.
What are 3 important behaviors that characterize "lasting couples"?
1-Repair Attempts
2-Cultivation
3-Affirming History
What 2 things do repair attempts entail?
1- When becoming negative
2- Remind partner that they admire them during conflict
What are 4 strategies to improve marriage? Whats the major goal?
1- Calm down
2- Speak non-defensively
3-Validate partner "i love u"
4- practice practice practice

Break cycle of Negativity.
Effect of unexpected divorces on married couples?
1- divorce anxiety - it could happen to anyone!

1- Hypothetical divorce - Marriage is forever

2 Passing the test..look back at old times

3 Use gender ideology as a shield

4 Marital work ethic
Number of Cohabitating Couples in 1977 to 1997? Current percent of cohabitating couples?
1977= 1 million

1997 = 5 millon

current = 56%
Give for reasons why cohabitation has increased?
1- Its going to happen anyways

2- Erosion of Norms

3- Available birth control

4- Weaking of religious restraint
What percent of children spend some years of their childhood living with a parent and the parents unmarried partner?
2/5ths
Who was the first person to obtain a legal divorce in England, when and how did it happen?
Lord Roose - 1669 in England
In America, where and when the first divorce granted?
1630 by the Mass Bay Colony
Two types of early divorce? What was the percent of divorce in the 1850s?
1- Absolute Divorce

2- Divorce from bed and board

5% divorce..so one 1 in 20 marriages ended with divorce
Marriage used to be a indissoluble union..what does this mean?
Tell death do we part
How many marriages ended in divorce in 1880 and 1916?
1880= 1 in 21 , 4.7%

1916= 1 in 9 ended in divorce 11%
Using adultery and cruelty grounds demonstrate the differing standards for divorcing men and women?
Men- COuld sue for divorce with wife alone

Women- Had to be adultery aggravated with incest, cruelty, or bigamy
What and when were the first and last states to legistate "no fault" divorces?
1st= California- 1969 No fault

Last = South Dakota 1985
How did California alter the legal defitniton of reciprocal rights of marriage?
They wanted to get rid of one guilty, eliminate hypocrisy,perjury and reduce bitterness to say "its okay to divorce"
Describe how the new law changed each of the 4 basic elements in trad. divorce laws.
1 new assumptions on what was appropriate spouse rolls

2 husband and wife both responsible for economic responsibilities

3 Divorce with least possible trama
How did the standards for child custody change?
Men used to be responsible, now women
Know the 5 ways to estimate the rate of divorce?
1- Marriage to divorce ratio
2-CRuel divorce rate
3- estimate absolute divorces in a given year
4- Refined divorce rate
5- Average marital risk
whats the average length of 1st marriages that end in divorce?
7 years
Using adultery and cruelty grounds demonstrate the differing standards for divorcing men and women?
Men- COuld sue for divorce with wife alone

Women- Had to be adultery aggravated with incest, cruelty, or bigamy
What and when were the first and last states to legistate "no fault" divorces?
1st= California- 1969 No fault

Last = South Dakota 1985
How did California alter the legal defitniton of reciprocal rights of marriage?
They wanted to get rid of one guilty, eliminate hypocrisy,perjury and reduce bitterness to say "its okay to divorce"
Describe how the new law changed each of the 4 basic elements in trad. divorce laws.
1 new assumptions on what was appropriate spouse rolls

2 husband and wife both responsible for economic responsibilities

3 Divorce with least possible trama
How did the standards for child custody change?
Men used to be responsible, now women
Know the 5 ways to estimate the rate of divorce?
1- Marriage to divorce ratio
2-CRuel divorce rate
3- estimate absolute divorces in a given year
4- Refined divorce rate
5- Average marital risk
whats the average length of 1st marriages that end in divorce?
7 years
Working and stay at home mom's attempt to resolve their ambivalence run in the same way, how?
Reaffirm their commitment for good mothering
What are the 4 eras of gender inequality in American society?
1- The Era of seperate spheres
2- Era of Egalitarion Illusions
3-Assimilation
4-Residul Inequites