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43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Historically, ___________________ varied by race as well as by gender and marital status.

comparable worth
labor force participation
Underemployment
job sharing
labor force participation
The traditional _____________ incorporates the wife into her spouse's job through the expectation that she will be available to entertain his business associates, attend company parties, and socialize with her husband's coworkers off the job, while maintaining the home and caring for children.

comparable worth couple
commuter marriage
dual-earner family
two-person career family
two-person career family
Many _______________develop because both spouses pursue careers but find that suitable jobs for each spouse are unavailable in the same location.

dual-earner families
commuter marriages
comparable worth couples
two-person career families
commuter marriages
As a result of ________, women have less free time for themselves and experience a diminishing sense of well-being.

role conflict
role overload
comparable worth
commuter marriage
role conflict
Approximately _________ of dual-earner couples with children have one spouse working late or rotating shifts.

three-quarters
one-third
one-quarter
one-half
one-third
_____________ refers to the location of workers in different occupations.

Comparable worth
Labor force participation
Underemployment
Occupational distribution
Occupational distribution
One solution for narrowing the gender gap in earnings is

a commuter marriage.
the two-person career families.
the dual-earner family.
pay equity.
pay equity.
______________ occurs in all types of educational and work settings and because of its sensitive nature, accurate data on its extent are difficult to collect.

Underemployment
Sexual harassment
Occupational distribution
Labor force participation
Sexual harassment
Families headed by women accounted for the largest portion of the increase in poor families since 1970. This increase in the numbers of women who are poor is referred to as

the principle of legitimacy.
cenogamy.
the cult of domesticity.
the feminization of poverty.
the feminization of poverty.
The ________________ is(are) those who work full time but make very low wages.

working poor
involuntary part-timers
overemployed
underemployed
working poor
Underemployed workers are more likely than regular full-time workers to:

not receive health benefits.
earn minimum wage.
not receive pension benefits.
all of the above.
all of the above.
_______is when two workers split a single full-time job.

flextime
job sharing
involuntary part-timers
occupational distribution
job sharing
_______________ is especially helpful when one parent can start work early and arrive home early, while the other works a later shift.

Job sharing
Underemployment
Occupational distribution
Flextime
Flextime
The _________________ allows either parent to take up to three months of unpaid leave for births, adoptions, and family emergencies
Family and Medical Leave Act
In the United States, pregnancy leaves are covered by the
Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978.
T or F

Because of changing economic and social conditions a single income is no longer sufficient for most families.
T
T or F

Dual-earner families are a new phenomenon.
F
T or F

Arlie Hochschild described men's dual role of worker and husband as a "second shift".
F
T or F

Some couples respond to the difficulties of child care by split-shift employment and split-shift parenting.
T
T or F

Compared to white women, the proportion of women-of-color stay-at-home moms has been considerably lower and thus more difficult to identify.
T
T or F

Occupational distribution refers to the location of workers in different occupations.
T
T or F

Regardless of race and ethnicity, women's wages have now equaled that of men.
F
T or F

Sexual harassment occurs in all types of educational and work settings.
T
T or F

People are poor because they don't want to work.
F
T or F

Many researchers have found that unemployment is associated with lower levels of marital satisfaction.
T
T or F

Patrick Burman found that when husbands where unemployed, they tended to do more housework, but not significantly more.
T
T or F

Underemployment is a situation in which a worker is employed but not in the desired capacity.
T
T or F

According to the text, only about 28 percent of U.S. workers have flextime.
T
T or F

Until recently, the United States was one of the few industrialized countries that did not have a national family-leave policy.
T
T or F

U.S. business leaders are expanding family-leave benefits.
F
The percentage of workers in a particular group who are employed or who are actively seeking employment. (p.333)
labor force participation rate
Couples who work in different geographic locations and because of distance must maintain two separate places of residence. (p. 336)
commuter marriage
A situation in which a person's various roles carry more responsibilities than that person can reasonably manage. (p. 339)
role overload
Women and people of color being more heavily concentrated in low-paying clerical or service jobs, and men being concentrated in higher-paying jobs of craft workers and operators. (p. 345)
occupational distribution
The increase in the numbers of women and children who are poor. (p. 352)
the feminization of poverty
When two workers split a single full-time job. (p. 357)
job sharing
An arrangement which allows employees to chose when they arrive and leave work within a specified time limits. (p. 357)
flextime
Requires that pregnant employees be treated the same as employees with any temporary disability. (p. 358)
Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978
Unwanted leers, comments, suggestions or physical contact of a sexual nature. (p. 348)
sexual harassment
Equal pay for work of equal value. (p. 347)
pay equity
Individuals who work full-time but make very low wages. (p. 352)
working poor
People who are employed part-time but who want to work full-time. (p. 356)
underemployment
Allows either parent to take up to 3 months of unpaid leave for births, adoptions, or family emergencies. (p. 357)
Family and Medical Leave Act.