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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
prosocial behavior
any action done with the intent to help/benefit another
behavior motivated by desire to help someone else regardless of costs to oneself
empathy-altrusim hypothesis
empathetic concern motivates altruistic behavior
cognitive and emotional parts
helpful behvaior motivated by desire to incease one's own welfare
notice the event (2)
hurried? information overload (may not notice)
interpret the event
ambiguity of the event
determine fault (2)
1.norm of social justice-help those who deserve our help
2.just world-people get what they deserve
determine personal responsibility (5)
1.diffusion of responsibility
2.bystander effect-won't act if surrounded by others
3.audience inhibition effect-afraid of consequences if help isnt needed
4.norm of social responsibility-we are supposed to help those in need
5.norm of sympathy-help others based on our relationship to them
final decision to help (3)
percieved danger, similarity, mood
any act against a person or property with the intent to harm even if harming is unsuccessful
frustration-aggression hypothesis
agressive behavior motivated by frustration that arises when the progress to acheiving a goal is interrupted
social resource theory
act aggressively because the costs of doing so don't offset the forseable benefits (do b/c they can)
intergenerational theory
agressive behavior arises because of a person's exposure to aggressive models as a child
pool of availibles
those would you could possibly form a relationship with (preferences, institutional structures, geographical)
physical proximity/functional space
mere exposure can be positive or negative feelings
what is beautiful is good
belief that attractive people tend to have other desirable traits as well
matching hypothesis
people tend to go for others who are similarly attractive
contrast effect
goes against matching hypothesis: says that attractiveness depends on what you have to compare it against
similarity vs dissimilarity
opposites attract? only when similarites outweigh dissimilarities...its the proportion that matters
mutual liking
reciprocity, we like those who like us
psychological reactance theory
playing hard to get; psychological state that arises when one believes there choices are being limited
excitation transfer
arousal from one stimulus gets added to the arousal from a second stimulus and the combined arousal is then attributed to the second stimulus
passionate love
highly sexual, fear of rejection, high arousal and attraction
companionate love
stable, trusting affection
social construction of love
love has no inherit meaning; based on how we interpret and label feelings and reactions
two factor theory of emotion
first you have an internal state of arousal which is followed by emotional identification or labeling
social exchange theory
act in a way to gain rewards and avoid costs in a relationship
comparison level
social exchange theory; general expectations
comparison level of alternatives
social exchange theory; expectations of rewards from an alternative situation
equity theory
act in order to create equity (equal proportions of benefits and costs for each person in the relationship)
investment model
commitment depends on number of rewards recieved, commitment predicts prosocial behaviors within a relationship which predicts satisfaction