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58 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Irish Americans
-Emergence
Voluntary migration-those who came to the United States and not all Irish did, but those who came to U.S. did it as a free choice
Irish Americans
-identifiable
through hair color, freckles, last names, through the establishment of the Catholic Church, highly ghettoized
Irish Americans
-Differential power
only one Irish-American President
Irish Americans
-differential treatment
direction aggression from Anglo-Saxons but the Irish had a tremendous sense of awareness with dealing with Anglos and did not want to give up
Irish Americans
-Push Factors
1. Protestants vs. Catholics, conflict
2. Land ownership- Irish Protestants owned land and Catholics were sharecroppers
3. Eviction of Irish sharecroppers
4. Famine-monoculture=one type of crop was being made by farmers, Irish were at the mercy of Mother Nature
5. Agricultural technology was too limited
6. Relative status of sexes-women were low in status, they had to work for food and sometimes may not get any because they were not first to eat
Irish Americans
-Discrimination
-Irish became the target for discrimination and treatment was so harsh because they did not want to give in so this made the Irish create their own institutions, agencies, schools, and banks. There was a lot of importance stressed on the schools
-Catholic Universities of America emerged for these students; most went for law degrees because if they had degrees with power, they would be able to get into offices to change policies. they acquired credentials to be accepted as they were
Irish Americans
Irish
-Responses (3)
Irish used avoidance, they did not choose to assimilation. They used avoidance through ghettos, used aggression with fighting with dominant group, litigation (legal) and used protests. Some Irish used acceptance, usually the Irish older women but was very limited.
Jewish Americans
-emergence
Voluntary migration-through free will, they did not come over to America in big numbers
-1654-first Jews, Sephardic Jews
Jewish Americans
-identifiable
through religion, men’s attire and hair styles, participation in synagogues made them more identifiable, and their names were also used to identify
Jewish Americans
-differential power
they have economic power on the Eastern and Western seaboard, some political power where they are in large numbers because they are the majority in that area, they don’t have a lot of power with presidency or nationally
Jewish Americans
-discrimination
Anti-Semitism is discrimination towards Jews and Judaism, there’s racial anti-Semitism, and new anti-Semitism which is 21st century discrimination, there are cults against Jews
Jewish Americans
-group awareness
B’nai B’rith-promote Jewish race
Jewish Defense League-protect Jews
Anti-defamation league- advocacy group founded by B'nai B'rith to secure Jews
BBYO- B’nai B’rith Youth Organization-group for younger Jews because they’re afraid the younger Jews are loosing their identity
Jewish Americans
-Responses
Jewish Americans used avoidance with isolation and ghettos, aggression to strike out, and assimilation to become Americanized and used passing to get surgery and change their last name so they could pass as Americans
Mexican Americans
-Emergence
Emerged through Annexation. 1848.
Guadalupe Hidalgo- Treaty.
Mexican Americans
-Identifiablity
Skin tone
phenotype
Religion- Catholic
Language
Mexican Americans
-Differential Power
How they learn as a minority
Look like they are not worth much because of they are unable to decide their own destiny.
Disproportional Representation.
Gerrymandering of district- redistributed borders to dilute the Mexican Population in districts.
1994 California did proposition 187- Deny Mexican-American Children an education, welfare, and the rights of the other members.
Minimal in Federal Law.
Mexican Americans
-Differential and Pejorative Treatment
1920s Texas “English only” classes.
Many Mexican American Students fell behind in schools
1960s scholars realized the severity of this issue. They eliminated the “English only” classes.
Less likely to be seen in a managerial or prestigious occupation.
Labeled as Chicanos- negative connotation. Offensive. Americans could not say Mexicano; this is why Chicano is offensive.
Labeled as foreigners, even though many did fight in WWII
Mexican Americans
-Group Awareness
Chicano Movement- groups formed.
United Mexican American Students-improve the community
National Council of La Raza-respond to the socioeconomic well-being of Latinos.
Mexican American Youth Organization- fought for civil rights
La Raza Unida Party- improve social economic and political aspects of Mexican American Communities
Mexican Americans
-Responses
Aggression- strikes. Chicano Movement. Second Generation Mexican Americans
Felt pressured because at home they practiced their culture but at school they could not do so. This encouraged gangs.
Acceptance- they accept the fact that they need to survive, learn English. This is to receive education, and accept the word Chicano.
Avoidance- Insulated themselves into ghettos, or barrios. They stay very close to their families, they feel safe and comfortable.
Chinese Americans
-Emergence
Voluntary Migration-' looking for a better way to survive
They became indentured servants and used as sheep and business owners for free services to pay for transport from china to California
Chinese Americans
-Identifiablity
the size of nose degree of flatness of the face and you will not mistake a Chinese for Japanese and vice versa, they are all part of the mongoloid race
o They are identifiable through their language
Chinese Americans
-Differential Power
they were viewed as less desirable, there was a quota of how many people could migrate here a year
There are large communities of Chinese that can pull themselves together to get them into office; there are only 2 Asian Americans at the federal level
De Facto Discrimination
Women
-Emergence
Dominant ideology- Men are superior.
Women were not viewed as comparable to men.
Women
-Identifiablity
Physical appearance, biological make-up.
Women
-Differential Power
Vote, Women fought hard to get the vote- 1920 received it. This was the first Citizen act.
Women have been successful in gaining political power not as much as men, but made great improvements.
Well represented in state and legal offices.
Women
-Differential Treatment
Women could not question man’s authority, had no respect.
Asked to work like a slave, making shoes, cloth, etc. Actually identified with slaves. Many women actually were more likely to participate in abolition.
Marriage was the only proper goal, discouraged from remaining single.
Women
-Group Awareness
Abolition was a push factor to discuss their own placement in society etc.
Petitions. State legislature in New York they were laughed out.
Declaration of independence was used as a document to make it understood
National Organization of Women- abortion rights, Title 9, education etc.
1st Wave- abolition
2nd Wave- Civil Rights.
3rd Wave- Nancy Pelosi.
Women
-Responses
Acceptance- lower socio-economic jobs. Many women looked up to men. They believed they were second class citizens.
Aggression- Staged protest, rechanneled through art, poetry, etc. Litigation Disruption of daily activity. Women jailed, went on a hunger strike etc.
Suburban Housewife- Avoidance, single sex groups, women satisfied with being a housewife.
The Elderly
-Emergence
Youth is Glorified in America. Geronto Philia
Geronto Phobia
Social Problem
The Elderly
-Responses
Avoidance- communities
Aggression- protest, disrupting the life of the dominant group AARP=litagions. Helping them sure the dominant group etc.
Acceptance-allow them to be rejected and look toward death
The Mentally Ill
-Emergence
Dominant ideology, the mentally Ill are seen as inferior and not capable of doing the same jobs. They do not fit in with the dominant group.
The Mentally Ill
-Identifiability
Not identified by race age sex or religion.
Diagnosed by a psychiatrist.
The Mentally Ill
-Differential Power
The less severe, the more power that person can have.
Mentally Ill were held in hospitals to be looked at and treated individually
ADA Americans with Disabilities Act, helped mentally and physically disabled to become employed
The Mentally Ill
-Differential and Pejorative Treatment
Mentalism- a discrimination of people who are receiving treatment, or are mentally challenged.
Derogatory language is a form of discrimination
Medicated to live in society, they are not taught how to deal with their emotions.
Non-compliant, uncooperative, treatment resistant are called non treatable.
The Mentally Ill
-Responses
Acceptance- internalize the negative attitudes.
Avoidance- any person who is mentally ill will not admit that they are to prevent being labeled
Aggression- refuse to be labeled and will not accept medication
The Mentally Ill
-Group Awareness
There are many groups to support them
Muslims in America
-Emergence
Voluntary Migration
7 Million Muslims in the U.S.= growing community
20% 30% of new members are converted
Muslims in America
- Identifiability
Faith, 5 pillars of Islam
Muslims in America
-differential Power
2nd wealthiest religion in the world
widespread faith
large= votes important
Muslims in America
-Differential/ Pejorative Treatment
stereotyping
harassments=9/11
Racial Profiling=airport
Muslims in America
-group awareness
strengthened by 9/11
organizations
CAIR
NAML
Muslims in America
-Responses
Avoidance- to pretect themselves from outside harassment
Agression- litigation used to defend any form of discrimination
Acceptance- try to make the best of the situation w/o cre
Muslims in France
-Emergence
Voluntary migration after WWII
Muslims in France
-Identifiability
Racial Issues=Pennoir black feet
SLums of Islam
very few Muslim schooling, unskilled etc.
Muslims in France
-Differential Power
Political eclusion
lack of representation
No chance of upward movement
Muslims in France
-Differential and Pejorative Treatment
Banning of headscarfs in schools.
labeling
Muslims in France
-Group Awareness
Muslim Brotherhood
Muslims in France
-Responses
Aggression- protest headscarfs
Acceptance- French council for Muslims
African Americans
-Emergence
Involuntary migration= slave trade
African Americans
-Differential Power
They were slaves, they had no power
African Americans
-Differential and Pejorative Treatment
DeJure Discrimination.
DeFacto Discrimination
Wages are not equal for the same jobs
Street Crime and Profiling
African Americans
-Group Awareness
high
NAACP
ASALH- black history month
African Americans
-Responses
Avoidance- sepratism Marcus Garvey migration South to North
Acceptance- stereotype. threat
Aggression- MLK boycotts Civil Rights Movement. Black panthers
Native Americans
-Emergence
Colonialism, changes their entire way of life
Native Americans
-Differential Power
None. they were powerless.
Native Americans
-Responses
Acceptance- no choie but to accomodate and resign
Avoidance- forced upon them. When they were forced to leave they chose Ghettoization
Agression- took over the BIA. Wars, many fought back
Native Americans
-Group Awareness
very strong mentally and culturally. Organizations that fight for revival of belief.