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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anatomy
Study of Structure
Physiology
study of function
Pathology
study of disease
Levels of Oraganization
Chemical, cellular, tissues, organs, systems, organism
Anatomical position
standing, face foward, arms at sides, palms foward, feet foward.
Supine
laying face up
prone
laying face down
superior (cranial)
towards head
inferior (caudal)
towards feet
posterior (dorsal)/anterior(ventral)
towards back/ towards front
medial
towards midline of body
lateral
towards outside of body
proximal
nearest to the trunk of body
distal
further from trunk of body
superficial & deep
nearest the surface of body
deeper in the body
sagital plane
divides body into left & right halves
frontal plane
divides body into front and back halves
transverse plane
divides body into superior and inferior halves (top &bottom)
body cavities
hollow areas in the body
dorsal cavity
lays toward back, contains cranial and spinal cavities.
cranial cavity
houses brain
spinal cavity
houses spinal cord
ventral cavity
lays toward stomach, houses thoracic & abdominopelvic cavity.
Thoracic cavity
in chest, above diaphram, houses pleural cavities & mediastinum.
pleural cavities
houses the lungs, toward outside of chest
mediastinum
houses the heart, toward middle of chest
adominopelvic cavity
under diaphram, houses abdominal & pelvic cavities
abdominal cavity
houses the digestive system
pelvic cavity
houses reproductive system
somach, trunk area
abdominal
arm pit
axillary
upper arm
brachial
wrist
carpal
head area
cephalic
neck
cervical
skull
cranial
lower leg
crural
skin
cutaneous
fingers or toes
digital
back
dorsal
face
facial
upper leg, thigh
femoral
butt
gluteal
lower back
lumbar
lower portion of torso
pelvic
sole of foot
plantar
ankle
tarsal
temple, side of head
temporal
chest
thoracic