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87 Cards in this Set

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Preached "the God of three faces"
Patrick, to the Irish
Lordship is forbidden, ministry is bidden
Bernard of Clairvaux, in ON CONSIDERATION
All popes should know "On Consideration" by heart
Luther, speaking of Bernard of Clairvaux's book.
the church was too rich/extravagent and given over to pomp and ceremony
Bernard of Clairvaux
Pasce verbo, pasce vita - feed with the word and your life
Bernard of Clairvaux
you believe in order to know
Anselm, in Proslogion
you know God because of His creation
Anselm, in Proslogion
we move from thought to God
Anselm, in Proslogion
God is "That than which nothing greater can be concieved
Anselm, in Proslogion
Man has obligation to pay for sin but no ability. God has ability but no obligation. In Christ the two combine
Anselm, in Cur Deus Homo
Constantinople is of "equal rank in ecclesiastical matters" with Rome
stated at both Constantinople (381) and Chalcedon (451)
the care of the universal church should converge toward Peter's one chair
Pope Leo I (Leo the Great)
attacked pelagianism and stressed God's grace and irresistible will as the ultimate cause of events
Thomas Bradwardine
the primary characteristic of God isn't how He thinks, but what he chooses to do/The Divine will takes precedence over the divine intellect: God does anything he chooses
John Duns Scotus, proponant of Voluntarism.
Critical of philosophy of Aquinas which attempted to harmonize Aristotle with Christianity. Argued that faith was a matter of will and could not be supported by logical proofs: we can only know the existance of God through faith.
John Duns Scotus
we can only know the existance of God through faith
John Duns Scotus
Argued that faith was a matter of will and could not be supported by logical proofs
John Duns Scotus
Wrote book Christians could use in debate using natural reason since opponents won't accept authority of scripture.
Thomas Aquinas
Argued for God as origen and goal of all things.
Thomas Aquinas
Said creation mirrors creator in five ways.
Thomas Aquinas
Things experience a mover; effects have a cause; contingent beings depend on a necessary being; the truth comes from the True; the world has a designer: GOD
Thomas Aquinas
Attempted to harmonize Arisotole with Christianity
Thomas Aquinas
There's a place for theology AND philosophy: faith and reason are independent but complementary. (You understand some through reason and some through faith)
Thomas Aquinas
The principle of analogy: God is revealed in our terms without being reduced to our level.
Thomas Aquinas
Precise definitions: concern for speaking very clearly, technically and scientifically
Thomas Aquinas
admired Thomas as a Christian but didn't think much of him as a theologian
Luther
pointed out that Thomas had an incomplete view of fall, saying will was fallen but intellect was not
Francis Schaeffer
Calvin pretty much ignored him
Thomas Aquinas
In the end, still uses percentage theology, though he makes our percentage very small.
Thomas Aquinas
The modern devotion based around these writings
Thomas a Kempis and others from the Brothers of the Common Life.
Stressed meditation and the inner life, attaching little importance to ritual and external works.
The modern devotion.
things should be kept as simple as possible: less assumptions are better
William Ockham - nominalism.
There is no universality to mental concepts outside the mind.
Nominalists say
Emphasis of love and virtue over learning and knowledge.
Medieval Mystics
Tried to reconcile faith and reason, philosophy and revelation.
Scholasticism
concerned with demonstrating the reasonableness of faith and organizing the Christian doctrines to defend the faith against critics.
Scholasticism
used a dialectical method based on Aristotelean Logic
Scholasticism
Argued for the "real presence" through the transforming of the wine and bread in the Lord's supper debate of the 9th century.
Radbertus
The Four Articles of Prague: demanding freedom of preaching, both kinds of communion for laity, limitation of property holding by church, and civil punishment of mortal sin.
Hussites
Demanded freedom of Preaching
The Four Articles of Prague, drawn up by the Hussites
Demanded communion of both kinds for the laity as well as priests
The Four Articles of Prague, drawn up by the Hussites
Demanded the limitation of property holding by the church
The Four Articles of Prague, drawn up by the Hussites
Demanded civil punishment of mortal sin
The Four Articles of Prague, drawn up by the Hussites
Piety is a requirement for a priest to be a "true" priest or to perform the sacraments.
The Lollards
A pious layman has the power to perform the sacraments since religious power and authority come through piety and not through the church hierarchy.
The Lollards
Emphasized the authority of scriptures over the authority of priests.
The Lollards
Taught the concept of the "Church of the Saved" - the true church is the community of the faithful, which overlapped but was not the same as the official church of rome.
The Lollards
Taught a form of predestinantion.
The Lollards
Advocated apostolic poverty and taxation of Church properties.
The Lollards
Denied transubstantiation in favor of consubstantiation.
The Lollards
Memorized scripture and church fathers in the vanacular, then went out to preach by reciting.
Peter Waldo
Theology centered around poverty, a strong commitment to translating, memorizing, and preaching the bible, lay preaching, the elevation of scripture, and the repudiation of church and tradition.
Waldensians
Opposed the Donation of Constantine.
Waldensians
"Just as the moon derives its light fron the sun... so too the royal power derives the splendour of its dignity from the pontifical authority."
Innocent III
Excommunicated patriarch in 1054 in mutual anathemas of great schism.
Leo IX
As vicar of Christ and representative of Peter, Pope can give or take away empires, kingdoms, and the possessions of all men.
Hildebrand/Gregory VII
Everyone on earth from the emperor down to the humblest peasant, had to acknowledge him.
Hildebrand/Gregory VII
Wanted to do away with the financial and moral corruption in the church. Insisted on clerical celibacy.
Hildebrand/Gregory VII
Fought against Henry IV, emperor of Holy Roman Empire, opposing lay investiture.
Hildebrand/Gregory VII
Known for philosophical and theological principle that encourages simplicity.
William of Ockham
Espoused the "via moderna"
William of Ockham
Defended the Christian doctrine of the freedom and omnipotence of God, saying that God had absolute power and was unknowable.
William of Ockham
Viewed salvation as being based on God's covenant and on merit.
William of Ockham
Collected references from many sources and tried to come up with an understanding of theology.
Peter Lombard
Thought Lombard obscured and corrupted the teachings of Augustine
Calvin
Argued for the "spiritual presence" view in the Lord's Supper debate of the 9th century.
Ratranmus
Characterized Florence as a Christian and religious republic.
Savonarola
"Faith is a gift which God bestows on man through grace alone."
Savonarola
By doubting we question and by questioning we come to truth.
Peter Abelard
His book followed dialectic method of questioning and giving lists of arguements on both sides, but doesn't really try to resolve the questions.
Peter Abelard
Emphasis on the fact that perhaps we really can't know the truth.
Peter Abelard
Writings contained themes of providence and predestination with Roman Catholic emphasis on merit of good works.
Bede
Learned Arabic
Raymond Lull
Preached Christ and renounced Muslims.
Raymond Lull
Started missionary colleges teaching people how to preach in Muslim settings.
Raymond Lull
Spoke to people of Moravia in own language.
Cyril and Methodis, Eastern missionaries to Moravia.
obey God rather than man
Peter Waldo
Authority is gift of God and can be taken away
John Wycliffe
Scripture alone and Grace alone
Jan Hus
Faith comes by Grace
Savonarola
Themes of Christ as head of church and preserver of church and bible alone and grace alone.
Themes in Jan Hus' preaching.
Preaching is the most precious activity of the church.
John Wycliffe
Criticized abuses and false teachings in the Church.
John Wycliffe
All authority is gift from God and can be forfeited.
John Wycliffe
The Bible is the chief authority for every Christian.
John Wycliffe
Rejected sacramental system in favor of faith.
John Wycliffe
Salvation by grace was at the heart of his teaching
John Wycliffe