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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
application program
a set of computer instructions written in a programming language, the purpose of which is to support a specific task or business process or another application program
business architecture
organizational plans, visions, objectives, and problems, and the information required to support them
chief information officer (CIO)
the director of the IS department in a large organization, analogous to a CEO, COO, or CFO; also known as chief technology officer
a computer such as a PC attached to a network, which is used to access shared network resources
client/server architecture
a type of distributed architecture where end-user PCs (clients) request services or data from designated processors or peripherals (servers)
cooperative processing
teams of two or more geographically dispersed computers to execute a specific task
data item
an elementary description of things, events, activities, and transactions that are recorded, classified, and stored, but not organized to convey any specific meaning; can be numeric, alphanumeric, figures, sounds, or images
data workers
clerical workers who use, manipulate, or disseminate information, typically using document management, workflow, e-mail, and coordination software to do so
a collection of stored data items organized for retrieval
distributed computing
IS architecture that gives users direct control over their own computing; puts computing choices at the point of the computing need
distributed processing
computing architecture that divides processing work between two or more computers that may not be (and usually are not) functionally equal
electronic exchanges
a form of electronic markets which are web-based public marketplaces where many business buyers and many seller interact dynamically
electronic markets
a market of interactions and relationship over which products, services, information, and payments are exchanged
end-user computing
the use or development of information systems by the principal users of the systems' outputs or by their staffs
enterprise web
the sum of a company's systems, information, and services that are available on the web, working together as one entity
enterprisewide computing
a client/server architecture that connects data that are used throughout the enterprise
a secured network that allows business partners to access portions of each other's intranets and is usually Internet-based
functional MIS
an information system for a functional area, such as a marketing information system
grid computing
the use of networks to harness the unused processing cycles of all computers in a given network to create powerful computing capabilities
data that have been organized so they have meaning and value to the recipient
information infrastructure
the physical arrangement of hardware, software, networks, and information management personnel
information system (IS)
collects, processes, stores, analyzes, and disseminates information for a specific purpose; usually composed of hardware, software, data, procedures, and people
information technology architecture
high-level map or plan of the information assets in an organization; on the web, it includes the content and architecture of the site
a self-regulated global network of computer networks connecting millions of businesses, individuals, government agencies, schools, and other organizations all over the world
a corporate network that functions with Internet technologies, such as browsers and search engines, using internet protocols
data and/or information that have been organized and process to convey understanding, experience, accumulated learning, and expertise
knowledge workers
people who create and use knowledge as a significant part of their work responsibilities
legacy system
older systems that have become central to business operations and may be still capable of meeting these business needs; they may not require any immediate changes, or they may be in need of reengineering to meet new business needs
mobile commerce (m-commerce)
any e-commerce done in a wireless environment, especially via the Internet
mobile computing
information system applications in a wireless environment
peer-to-peer (P2P) architecture
a type of network in which each client computer shares files or computer resources directly with others but not through a central server
pervasive computing
invisible, everywhere computing that is embedded in the objects around us
machine, attached to a network, that provides some services to client machines on the network
smart terminal
a terminal that contains a keyboards, screen, and disk drive that enables it to perform limited processing tasks, yet whose core processing power is the central main-frame computer to which it is networked
subscription computing
a type of utility computing that puts the pieces of a computing platform together as services, rather than as a collection of separately purchased components
supply chain
flow of materials, information, money, and services from raw materials suppliers, through factories and warehouses, to the end customers; includes the organizations and processes involved
transaction processing system (TPS)
an information system that processes an organization's basic business transactions such as purchasing, billing, and payroll
utility computing
unlimited computing power and storage capacity that, like electricity, water, and telephone services, can be obtained on demand, used and reallocated for any application, and billed on a pay-per-use basis
web-based systems
an application delivered on the Internet or intranet using web tools, such as a search engine
web services
modular business and consumer applications, delivered over the Internet, that users can select and combine through almost any device, enabling disparate systems to share data and services