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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Acute Injury
a recent, traumatic injury
Chronic Injury
a non-traumatic injury of an ongoing nature
Proximal
a point on an extremity located near the trunk
Distal
a point on an extremity located away from the trunk
Medial
toward the inside / closer to the midline
Lateral
toward the outside / away from the midline
Anatomical Position
erect position with the arms at the sides and palms of the hand facing forward
Flexion
bending in a direction that usually reduces the angle of a joint
Extension
straightening motion that increases the angle of a joint
Abduction
movement away from the midline of the body
Adduction
movement towards the midline of the body
Anterior
the front or top surface of a limb
Posterior
the back or bottom surface of a limb
Palmer / Plantar
describes the anterior surface of hand / foot
Dorsal
describes posterior surface of hand / foot
Rotation
movement of a bone around its long axis, and it occurs in the medial or lateral direction
Contusion
bruise
Sprain
an overstretching (1st degree), partial tearing (2nd degree), or complete rupture (3rd degree) of a ligament
Strain
an overstretching (1st degree), partial tearing (2nd degree), or complete rupture (3rd degree) of a tendon or muscle
Pes Cavus
a foot with a high longitudinal arch
Pes Plantus
a foot with a flat longitudinal arch
Plantar Flexion
movement of the foot toward the bottom or plantar surface
Dorsi Flexion
movement of the foot toward the upper or dorsal surface
Inversion
inward movement or turning of the foot
Eversion
outward movement or turning of the foot