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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
medical model
considers those with emotional problems as sick and thus not responsible for their behavior; also assumes that sick people are entitled to be helped and that help or treatment should be guided by the medical profession
diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM)
a classificiation system made by the american psychiatric association to monitor the categorization and definition of various types of emotinal disorders
mental illness
severe emotional problems caused by brain dysfunction or intrapsychic causes, with little attention to systems or environmental influences
mental health
our competence in dealing with our environment and our confidence of being able to cause desired effects
depression
an overwhelming feeling of incapacitation that often results in not being able to perform one's daily routine
bipolar disorder
experience episodes of major depression as well as episodes of mania
schizophrenia
the most chronic and disabling of the mental disorders; increasingly thought to be a chemical disorder; appears in women in their 20s and 30s and in late teens and 20s for men
anxiety disorders
includes panic disorder, OCD, posttraumatic stress disorder, social phobia, generalzied anxiety disorder
addiction
physical and/or psychological dependence upon changing substances
depressants
includes sedatives (sleeping pills, tranquilizers, pain killers)people who experience chronic pain are more at risk for addiction
narcotics
opium, morphine, heroine, legally cocaine; highly addictive
hallucinogens
LSD, marijuana, inhalants
developmental disability
mental retardation, cerebral palsy; develop before adulthood
developmental delay
slowed or impaired development of a child under 5 years old
hereditary and fetal development factors
such as metabolic disorders, brain malfunctions, chromosomal abnormalities; tay-sachs disease, down syndrome, fragile X syndrome
prenatal factors
chemical and alcohol addiction, radiation, infections: rubella, syphilis, HIV
perinatal factors
premature birth, trauma at birth
postnatal factors
infections such as meningitis, lack of oxygen during illness or an accident, nutritional deficiency
moral treatment
include offering patients hope, guidance, support and treatment with respect
community mental health programs
aimed at preventing and treating mental health problems
national institute of mental health (NIMH)
first federal entity to address mental health concerns
deinstitutionalization
keeping individuals from placement in hospitals whenever possible; least restrictive environment
individuals with disabilities education act (IDEA)
replaced previos legislation, included funding for early intervention programs for infants and toddlers; stresses the development of comprehensive, coordinated, multidisciplinary, interagency programs
primary prevention
prevention targeted at an entire population; example: prenatal care for all women
secondary prevention
prevention targeted at at-risk populations
tertiary prevention
prevention targeted at those individuals who have already experienced problems, to keep them from happening again; example: alcoholics
managed care
emphasis on accountability and ensuring that services are not provided if they are not needed
clinical social workers
many SLWKers in mental health settings; require qualifications of the national association of social workers academy of certified social workers to be met, and MSWs