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35 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
adage
A saying or proverb containing a truth based on experience and often couched in metaphorical language.
apostrophe
A locution that addresses a person or personified thing not present. "Oh cruel streets of Manhattan, how I detest you!"
bard
A poet; in olden times, a performer who told heroic stories to musical accompaniment
bathos
Insincere or overdone sentimentality
belle-lettres
A French term for the world of books, criticism, and literature in general
burlesque
A work of literature meant to ridicule a subject; a grotestque imitation
deductive reasoning
A method of reasoning by which specific definitions, conclusions and theorems are drawn for general principles
deus ex machina
In literature, the use of an artificial device or gimmick to solve a problem
epigram
A concise but ingenious, witty, and thoughtful statement
epithet
An adjective or phrase that expresses a striking quality of a person or thing (sun-bright topaz)
eponymous
A term for the title character of a work of literature
exegesis
A detailed analysis or interpretation of prose or poetry
harangue
A forceful sermon, lecture, or tirade
homily
A lecture or sermon on religious or moral theme meant to guide human behavior
hubris
Exessive pride that often affects tone
humanism
A belief that emphasizes faith and optimism in human potential and creativity
inductive reasoning
A method of reasoning in which a number of specific facts or examples are used to make a generalization
invective
A direct verbal assualt;a denunciation; casting blame on someone or something
kenning
A device employed in Anglo-Saxon poetry in which the name of a thing is replaced by one of its functions or qualities as in "ring-giver" for king and "whale-road" for ocean
lampoon
A mocking, satirical assault on a person or situation
litotes
A form of understatement in which the negative of the contrary is used to acheive emphasis or intensity. EX: He is not a bad dancer.
loose sentence
A sentence that follows the customary word order of English sentences. The main idea of the sentence is presented first and is then followed by one or more subordinate clauses
malapropism
A confused use of words in which the appropriate word is replaced by one with a similar sound but inappropriate meaning
maxim
A saying or proverb expressing common wisdom or truth
metonymy
A figure of speech that uses the name of one thing to represent something else with which it is associated (ex: The White House says..."
parable
A story consisting of events from which a moral or spirtual truth may be derived
pathos
The element in literature that stimulates pity or sorrow
pendantic
Narrowly academic instead of broad and humane; excessively petty and meticulous
periodic sentence
A sentence that departs from the usual word order of English sentences by expressing its main thought only at the end. In other words, the particulars in the sentence are presented before the idea they support.
pulp fiction
Novels written for mass consumption, often emphasizing exciting and titilalating plots
synecdoche
A figure of speech in which a part signifies the whole (fifty masts for fifty ships) or the whole signifies the part(days for life as in "he lived his days under the African skies). Material can stand for the thing itself as well
trope
The generic name for a figure of speech such as image, symbol, similie, and metaphor
euphony
pleasing, harmonious sounds
subject complement
The name of a grammatical unit that is comprised of predicate nominatives and predicate adjectives
arch
Characterized by clever or sly humor, often saucy, playful and somewhat irreverent