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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
why was the slavetrade often continuous?
Unlike in North America, the slave population of the tropical plantations suffered an excess of deaths over births, this meant that the slave trade had to be continuous to maintain the existing level of population.
American-born slaves vs. African slaves.
Morbidity and mortality rates were higher among slaves raised in Africa than they were among the American-born.
irony of African history
with the end of isolation, in hardly 2 centuries, Africa's largest commerce became its own people.
irony of Slavery
slavery was used by Westerners' to develop Capitalism, but with the Industrial Revolution, it was realized that machines were more cost-effective, with this, Britain outlawed the slave trade in 1808.
Mediterranean slavery
race did not matter, it was a matter or religion.
14th/15th Cent. Southern Europe slavery served 3 purposes
1. furnished domestic service
2. to provide oarsmen for the galleys, that were the principal naval craft.
3. concentrate people for new enterprises.
plantations on Atlantic/Mediterranean islands (pre-Americas)
utilized slavery for sugar cane, etc. often due to small population sizes.
of 3 sources of labor -Africa, America, Europe-
Africans best suited tropical colonialism/plantation agriculture.
slavery IN Africa vs. Americas slavery
in Americas, treated as labor units, in Africa slavery was not merely an economic institution. the object in buying a slave was to increase the size of one's own group, for various reasons.
When did slave trade completely end?
British efforts as African coastal blockades were not completely effective, until Brazil in 1850s and Spain (cuba)in 1860's took action to make such action as buying slaves illegal.
causes for enslavement
1. wars
2. famine (enticed families to sell members for survival)
3. Judicial condemnation for crime or other political dissent.
gun-slave cycle
an African states armed itself with guns and used them to capture unarmed neighbors, whom it sold for still more guns. Once caught in this cycle, it was hard to escape. Sooner or later, the neighboring peoples would have guns as well; at that point slave raiding to buy guns might be necessary for survival.
some societies benefited from selling slaves, others were completely destroyed, while others were never really involved much.
Slave trade and Colonization
first, the slave trade removed the capital of people within Africa, and once that was diminished, the processes of colonization greatly diminished Africa's natural resources. together this greatly diminished African growth.