Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/47

Click to flip

47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
when the body makes antibodies against it's own tissues
autoimmune disease
a non-specific defense mechanism that wards off damage from micro-organisms or trauma
inflammatory process
Blood Platelet
thrombocyte
the combined mechanisms that work to prevent blood loss
hemostasis
when plasma dismantles a blood clot
fibrinolysis
a clot formation
thrombosis
gives body structure, salt, rbc, and protects vital organs
skeleton
small perforations that allow vessels and nerves to travel into the bone
haversian canals
bone forming cell that helps maintain the bone
osteocyte
cell that helps in creation if new bone
osteoblast
bone cell that absorbs and removes excess bone
osteoclast
structures through which blood vessels enter and exit the bone shaft
perforating canals
loss of blood vessels from a body part
devascularization
hollow shaft in long bones
diaphysis
end of long bone
epiphysis
a lattice work structure or spongy tissue
cancellous
surface of a bone that moves against the surface of another
articular surface
growth zone of a bone
metaphysis
area of the metaphysis where cartilage is during childhood
epiphyseal plate
cavity within the bone that contains marrow
medullary canal
tissue that stores fat in semiliquid form within internal cavities of the bone
yellow bone marrow
internal cavity tissue that makes red blood cells
red bone marrow
tough exterior of bone
periosteum
connective tissue between bones so that they can touch each other during movement
cartilage
bone that forms a tendon
sesamoid bone
area where adjacent bones articulate
joint
non moving joint
synarthorsis
joint with limited amount of movement
amphiarthrosis
a synovial joint
diarthrosis
joint with the greatest amount of movement
synovial joint
beding motion that reduces the angle between articulating elements
extension
moving a body part towards the midline
adduction
moving a body part away from the midline
abduction
turning along the axis of a bone
rotation
movement at a synovial joint through an arc of a circle
circumduction
connective tissue that connects bone to bone
ligaments
three joints with free movement
monaxial, biaxial,triaxial
ligaments that surround a joint
joint capsule
substance that lubricates the synovial joints
synovial fluid
sacs containing synovial fluid
bursa
bones of the head, thorax and spine
axial skeleton
bones of the shoulder girdle and pelvis
appendicular skeleton
small bundle of muscle fibres
fasciculus
attachment of a muscle to a bone that does not move when muscle contracts
origin
attachment of a muscle to a bone that moves when the muscle contracts
insertion
pairing of muscles that permits extension or flexion of limbs
opposition
state of slight contraction of muscles that gives them firmness
tone