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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Dermatology
the science that studies the skin and itstreatment and functions, disorders and diseases
Dermatologist
a physician who treats skin disorders and diseases
Cyst
a closed abnormally developed sac containing fluid, infection or other matter above or below the skin. An acne cyst is one type of cyst.
Pustule
An inflamed papule with white or yellow center containing pus, a fluid consisting of white blood cells, bacteria and other debris produced from infection
Wheal
an itchy swollen lesion caused by a blow, insect bite, skin allergy or stings. Hives and mosquito bites are examples
Crust
a scab on a sore
Excoration
a skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping
Acne Excoriee
a disorder where clients purposly scrape off acne causing scaring and discoloration
Scale
flakey skin cells: any thin plate of epidermal flakes dry or oily. An example is dandruff
Ulcer
loss of skin depth
Furuncle
a subcutaneous abcess filled with pus. Also called boils, furuncles are caused by bacteria from hair follicles
Milia
whitish pearl like masses of sebum and dead cells under skin
Rosacea
charachterised by redness, dialation of blood vessles
Comedone
blackhead
Seborrhea
Severe oiliness of the skin and abnormal secretion from the sebaceous gland
Bromhidrosis
Foul smelling perspiration usually in armpits or feet
Miliaria Rubra
prickly heat
Contact dermatitis
usually an allergy from ingredients in cosmetics
Erythema
redness
Herpes blisters
appear on lips and around nose-a contageous disease
Perioral Dermatitis
an acne like condition around the mouth of small clusters of papules caused by toothpaste or products used on face-not contageous and antibiotics can help
Psoriasis and eczema
are inflamation
Dyschromia
abnormal pigmentation
Sun exposure
biggest cause of pigmentation disorder
actinic lentigenes
from too much sun
Chloasma
liver spots
Melasma
term fro hyperpigmentation triggered by hormonal changes
Nevus
a birthmark or mole
Leukoderma
light abnormal patches caused by a congenital disease that destroys pigment producing cells
vitiligo
white spots or areas on skin from lack of pigment
hypertrophy
abnormal growths, benign or harmless
Keratoma
an aquired thickened patch of epidermis, a callus caused by pressure or friction if thickening also grows inward, it becomes a corn
keratosis
abnormally thick build up of cells
hyperkeratosis
thickening of skin caused by a mass of keratinized cells
actincic keratosis
is precancerous
mole
a brownish spot ranging in color from tan to bluish black. some are flat some are raised. Changes should be checked by physician
verruca
a wart
basal cell carcinoma
most common and least sever type of carcinoma. often appears as light pearly nodules
malignant melanoma
most serious form of skin cancer. black or dark patches on skin, usually uneven in texture. not always found on area exposed to sunlight
Death from skin cancer occurs
rate of one death per hour
Tinea
fungal infection
sebaccous filaments
similar to open comedones mainly solidified impactations of oil without cell matter
anaerobic
cant live in presence of oxygen
moisturizers and sunscreens
should be water based
adult acne
more common in women, hormonal fluctuations from birth control, premenstrual changes, pregnancy and menopause can lead to inflamations. hormonal acne is often seen on chin
stress causes
hormonal fluctuations and increased sebum production
irritates acne
excessive iodides in salt and packaged foods
grade 1 acne
minor brakouts mostly open comedones, some closed, few papules and pustules-least severe
Grade 4 acne
cystic acne-cysts with comedones, papules, pustules and inflamaton are persistant