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30 Cards in this Set

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Cancellous
Having a lattice-work structure as in the spongy tissue of the bone
Spongy Tissue of the bone
Synovial Joint
Joint that permits the greatest degree of independent motion.

(Elbow, knee, shoulder and hip)
Your shoulder or hip
Flexion
Bending motion that REDUCES the angle between articulating elements
reduces the angle
Extention
Bending motion that INCREASES the angle between articulating elements
increases the angle
Sesamoid bone
Bone that grows within tendenous tissue
Patella
Adduction
Movement of a body part AWAY from the midline
Opposite of abduction...
Abduction
Movement of a body part TOWARD the midline
Opposite of adduction...
Joint
Area where adjacent bones articulate
Area where a______ b____ art_______
Cartilage
Connective tissue providing the articular surfaces of the skeletal system
Connective tissue providing the a_____ s_____ of the skeletal system
Periosteum
Tough exterior covering the bone
T____ E_____ covering the bone
Medullary Canal
Part of the bone that contains marrow
Amphiarthrosis
Joint permitting limited movement.

(Vertebrae)
Joint permitting _____ movement
Synarthorsis
Joint that does not permit movement.

(skull, or juncture between jaw and the teeth)
None
Diarthrosis
A synovial joint
Diaphysis
Hollow shaft found in longbones
H______ s____ found in longbones
Haversian Canals
Small tubes blood vessels + nerves travel
Small tubes b____ v____ + nerves travel
Perforating Canals
Structures through which blood vessels enter + exit the bone shaft
S______ through which b____ vessels e + e the b___ shaft
Epiphysis
End of a longbone
The end of a ______
Devascularization
Loss of blood vessels from a body part
Loss of this to a body part
Metaphysis
The growing part of a long bone between the diaphysis and the epiphysis
the growing part of a long bone between the ________ and the ________
Epiphyseal Plate
Growth plate
Area of the m_______ where the cartilage is generated
Articular Surface
Surface of a bone that moves against another bone
Surface of a b____ that moves against another b____
Rotation
A turning along the axis of a bone or joint
Circumduction
Movement through the arc of a circle
Ligament
Connective tissue
Connects bone to bone
Holds joints together
Joint Capsule
Ligaments that surround a joint
Synovial Fluid
Substance that lubricates synovial joints
Bursae
Sacs containing synovial fluid that cushion adjacent structures
Axial Skeleton
Bones of the head, thorax and spine
Appendicular Skeleton
Bones of the extremities, shoulder girdle, and pelvis