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35 Cards in this Set

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Contains the bones of the free appendages (arms and legs), plus the bones called girdles.
Appenicular Skeleton
126 bones
Appenicular Skeleton
80 bones
Axial Skeleton
consists of the skull, etc.
Axial Skeleton
Which skull is lighter and smaller, less muscular obvious attachment, jaw is smaller
Female
Cavity is wider
Females
Coccyx is more moveable
Female
connective tissue with a hard calcified matrix
Bones
1. support and form
2. attachment of muscles
3. protection of vital organs
4. production of blood
5. stores calcium for metabolic activity
Bones
What is needed for blood clot formation, nerve impulse conduction, muscle cell contraction
Calcium
Long axis, expanded ends
Long Bones
Cube-like, width=length
Short Bones
Plate-like, ribs, scapula
Flat Bones
Variety, connect to other bones
Irregular Bones
Small with tendons
Round (sesamoid) Bone
attaches muscles to bones
tendons
attaches bones to bones
ligaments
type of bone with many large spaces with red marrow (produces RBC)
Spongy Bone
type of bone that is tightly packed, solid and strong, resists bending; contains osteoclasts; yellow marrow: fat storage
Compact Bone
What develops from cartilage models in the embryo
Bones
What secretes material inside the shaft of the cartilage model of long bones?
Osteoblasts
After osteoblasts secrete material inside the shaft, what is deposited in the bone?
Calcium
Merge to form the marrow cavity in the bone
Cavities
Eventually osteoblasts become trapped within their own secretions and become...
Osteocytes (mature bone cells)
Type of fracture that bone has broken the skin
Open Fracture (compound fracture)
Type of fracture where the bone has not broken the skin
Closed Fracture (Simple fracture)
What is needed for the proper absorption of calcium?
Vitamin D
What is important for collagen in the bone?
Vitamin C
Insufficient amounts delays bone development
Vitamin A
What two factors affect bone development, growth, and repair?
Nutrition and Horomones
Type of fracture where the bone has not broken the skin
Closed Fracture (Simple fracture)
What is needed for the proper absorption of calcium?
Vitamin D
What is important for collagen in the bone?
Vitamin C
Insufficient amounts delays bone development
Vitamin A
What two factors affect bone development, growth, and repair?
Nutrition and Horomones