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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Kyph/o
humpback
Lord/o
swayback
Scoli/o
curved
Myel/o
bone marrow; spinal cord
Oste/o
bone
Chondr/o
cartilage
Spondyl/o
Vertebra
Pelv/i
Pelvis
Arthr/o
joint
Crani/o
skull
Cervic/o
neck
Mandibul/o
mandible; lower jaw
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid; aspiration
-clast
breakdown
-desis
surgical fusion; binding
-malacia
softening
-pathy
disease process
-plasty
surgical repair; reconstruction
-itis
inflammationa
-porousis
porous
-tomy
incision
-scopy
process of visual examination
-algia
pain
surgical repair of the skull
cranioplasty
Surgical binding together of a joint
arthrodesis
These cell breakdown old bones.
osteoclast
softening of a bone
osteomalacia
Immature bone cell
osteoblast
Inflammation of vertebrae
sponylitis
Inflammation of the bone and bone marrow
Osteomyelitis
Inflammation of a joint
arthristis
pertaining to the neck
cervical
loss of bone density
osteoporosis
abnormal leteral curvature of the spine
scoliosis
process to visually examining the joint cavity
arthroscopy
pain in the joint
arthraglia
axiel skeleton made up of
Spinal column, Skull & rib cage.
appendicular
extremities, shoulders and pelvis
Bone is composed of
20% water
main minerals, organic matter & collagen
6 functions of the skeletal system:
provides the framework to support the body
prtects the bodies vital organs, serves as points of attachment for the skeletal muscle, give the body its shape, forms RBC, WBC & plateletts, stores most the bodies calcium supply.
Veterbral column consist of
c1-c7 cervical vertebrae
t1-t12 thoracic vertabrae
L1-L5 Lumbar vertabrae
coccyx, intervertrbral disk, vetrebral body
how is the long constructed?
long bone has a hollow haft called diaphysis with ends called epiphysis. The ends contain yellow marrow.
How do long bones grow?
cartilage in the epiphysis becomes growth lates which permit new tissue & bone growth. At maturity growth stops & cartilage is replaced by bone.
Name 3 kinds of synovial joints:
ball and socket joint (hip)
pivot joint (elbow)
hinge joint (elbow, fingers, knee cap)
7 types of fractures:
Greenstick-crack under pressure
Simple; closed-complete break w/o breaking skin
Compounded- complete break w/ pentreation of the skin
impacted- broken ends are jammed together
communited-more than one fracture
depressed-piece of fractured bone is driven inward.
spiral-twisting break that wraps around the bone.
colles-wrist joint break
Kyphosis-
a bowing of the back usually at the thoracic level. (humpback)
Carpal Tunnel syndrome-
decreased sensitivy in the first two fingers and thumb, often with atrophy of the thumb muscle on the palm side.
Gout-
common form of arthritis. a metabolic disease resulting in severe joint pain due to deposits of urates.
acetatabulm
socket where the head of the femur fits.