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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Axial Skeletal
Bones of the center or axis of body ie skull, spine, chest, hyoid

has 80 bones
Appendicular Skeletan
Bones of the upper upper and lower extremities i.e. shoulders, arms, wrists, hands, hips, legs, ankle, feet

126 bones
Skull
Consists of 8 bones that form the cranium, 14 that form face, 6 in the middle ear.
Sinuses
Spaces or cavities inside some the cranial bones. 4 areas frontal, maxillary, sphenoid, ethmoid.
Mastoiditis
Inflammation of the air spaces within the mastoid portion of the temporal bone.
Epiphyseal Fracture
When the episeal plate is seperated from the diaphysis or epiphysis. Happens frequently in children or pre-addolescent atheletes.
Fontanels
Soft spots, 6 of them
Lordosis
Abnormally exaggerated lumbar curve.
Sway back
Kyphosis
Abnormal thoracic curvature.
Hunch Back
Scoliosis
Abnormal side-to-side curvature
Thorax
Chest
Ribs
12 pairs
1-7 True ribs
8-10 False ribs
11-12 Floating ribs
Scapula
Shoulder blade
Clavicle
Collar bone
Sternoclaviular Joint
Between the clavicle and the sternum or brastbone
Humerus
Long bone of the arm
Radius & Ulna
Bones of the forarm
Olecranon Process
Large bony process ot the ulna
Olecranon fossa
Large depression on the posterior surface of the humerus.
Wrist
8 Carpal or wrist bones
5 Metacarpal bones, support structure for the palm of the hand.
14 phalanges or finger bones
Coxal
Pelvic Bone
Ilium
Ischium
Pubis
Three seperate in an infant, they grow together and become one bone in an adult.
Femur
Thigh bone
Acetabulum
Deep cup shaped socket in hip
Patella
Knee cap
Tibia
Shin bone
Fibula
Non- weight bearing fragile bone, lies outer border of lower leg
Phalanges
Toe bones, same name and number of finger bones.
Metarsals
Tarsals
Similar to metacarpals and carpal bones in hand.
Calcaneus
Largest tarsal bone
Heel bone
Synarthroses
No movement (ie joints between cranial bones)
Sutures
Joints between cranial bones
Amphiarthroses
Slight movement (ie joints between two pubic bones)
Diarthroses
Free movement (ie majority of joints)
Ligaments
Cords or bands of fibrous connective tissue, join bones together
Flexion
Bending a joint
Extension
Straightening a joint out
Types of diarthrothic joints
Ball and socket
Hinge
Pivot
Saddle
Gliding
Condyloid
Osteoporosis
Serious bone disease, characterized by excessive loss of calcified matrix and collagenous fibers from bone.
Osteomalacia
Disorder involving mineral loss in bones.
Rickets
Demineralization of bones caused by, deficiency of Vit. D
Paget Disease
Osteithis Deformans
Abnormal bone remodeling
Osteomyelitis
Infection of the bone.
Open fracture
Compound fracture, bone pierces skin.
Closed fracture
Simple fracture, bone does not pierce skin.
Complete fracture
Bone seperates completely
Incomplete fracture
Bones are still partially joined
Comminuted fracture
Breaks that produce many fragments.
Impacted fracture
Bone fragments are driven into eachother
Linear fracture
Fracture line is parallel to bones long axis.
Transverse fracture
Fracture line is at right angle to bones long axis.
Oblique fracture
Fracture line is diagonal to bones long axis